Consumption of fruit, vegetables and soft drinks according to a FFQ and a food diary in 3- and 5 year old Swedish children
2009 (English)In: The 17 th European Congress on Obesity, Amsterdam, Netherlands., 2009Conference paper (Refereed)
Introduction: A validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) adapted to preschool ages is needed to evaluate a new program for primary prevention of childhood obesity.
Methods: So far, in this ongoing validation study of 200 3-year olds and 200 5 year-olds (selected at random), food intake has been reported for 58 parent-offspring pairs. The parents (mostly mothers) reported their own and their child’s food intake in FFQs. In addition the child’s food intake was recorded prospectively in a food diary during two periods of four days duration each. Data on parental education, BMI, type of childcare, etc. were also collected.
Results: The Spearman correlations (with 95 % CI) between FFQ and food-diary in children was 0.39 (0.15; 0.63) for number of meals per week containing vegetables, 0.70 (0.53; 0.87) for number of fruits per week and 0.66 (0.48; 0.82) for number of soft drinks per month. The Spearman correlation between intake according to the FFQ among parents and their children was 0.41 (0.15; 0.66) for number of meals/week containing vegetables, 0.22 (-0.03; 0.48) for number of fruits per week and 0.44 (0.22; 0.66) for number of soft drinks per month.
Conclusion: For the young children our preliminary results show associations of modest size between the two methods for meals with vegetables and stronger associations for fruits and soft drinks. The association between parents’ and children’s intake according to FFQ was weak for fruit, moderate for vegetables and fairly strong for soft drink. Results based on the full dataset will be presented.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
food intake, children
Nutrition and Dietetics
Research subject Food and Nutrition
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19972OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-19972DiVA: diva2:207847
The 17 th European Congress on Obesity, Amsterdam, Netherlands, 2009