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Does the constellation of risk factors with and without abdominal adiposity associate with different cardiovascular mortality risk?
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Medicine.
2008 (English)In: International journal of obesity (2005), ISSN 1476-5497, Vol. 32, no 5, 757-62 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIMS: To evaluate whether the metabolic syndrome (MetS) defined by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) criteria, which has abdominal adiposity as a mandatory element, predicts cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality better than the cluster of other IDF-defined abnormalities not including abdominal adiposity. METHODS: Data from nine European population-based studies, including 7782 men and 7739 women (aged 30-89 years), with a median follow-up of 8.55 years, were jointly analyzed. Hazard ratios for CVD mortality were calculated with Cox regression models. RESULTS: In total, 41% of the men and 38% of the women had the IDF MetS. Individuals with the IDF MetS were by definition more obese and had a higher prevalence of diabetes than non-obese subjects with > or = 2 IDF abnormalities; whereas non-obese men with > or = 3 factors had more atherogenic lipid profiles. Multivariate adjusted hazard ratio for CVD death in men and women with the IDF MetS was 2.44 (1.69-2.98) and 2.32 (1.27-4.23); in non-obese men with 2 and > or = 3 factors the hazard ratio was 1.60 (1.12-2.30) and 2.44 (1.62-3.66), respectively, and in non-obese women with 2 factors the hazard ratio was 2.41 (1.09-5.33). CONCLUSIONS: The cluster of the CVD risk factors predicted CVD mortality regardless of the presence or absence of the abdominal adiposity. Inclusion of abdominal adiposity as a prerequisite will miss those non-obese individuals who have increased CVD mortality.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 32, no 5, 757-62 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-20450DOI: 10.1038/sj.ijo.0803797PubMedID: 18209738OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-20450DiVA: diva2:208732
Available from: 2009-03-19 Created: 2009-03-19 Last updated: 2013-03-22

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CiteExportLink to record
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