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Changes in EMG activity in the upper trapezius muscle due to local vibration exposure.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Physiotherapy.
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2009 (English)In: Journal of Electromyography & Kinesiology, ISSN 1050-6411, E-ISSN 1873-5711, Vol. 19, no 3, 407-415 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Exposure to vibration is suggested as a risk factor for developing neck and shoulder disorders in working life. Mechanical vibration applied to a muscle belly or a tendon can elicit a reflex muscle contraction, also called tonic vibration reflex, but the mechanisms behind how vibration could cause musculoskeletal disorders has not yet been described. One suggestion has been that the vibration causes muscular fatigue. This study investigates whether vibration exposure changes the development of muscular fatigue in the trapezius muscle. Thirty-seven volunteers (men and women) performed a sub-maximal isometric shoulder elevation for 3min. This was repeated four times, two times with induced vibration and two times without. Muscle activity was measured before and after each 3-min period to look at changes in the electromyography parameters. The result showed a significantly smaller mean frequency decrease when performing the shoulder elevation with vibration (-2.51Hz) compared to without vibration (-4.04Hz). There was also a slightly higher increase in the root mean square when exposed to vibration (5.7% of maximal voluntary contraction) compared to without (3.8% of maximal voluntary contraction); however, this was not statistically significant. The results of the present study indicate that short-time exposure to vibration has no negative acute effects on the fatiguing of upper trapezius muscle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 19, no 3, 407-415 p.
National Category
Neurosciences Physiology
Research subject
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-20909DOI: 10.1016/j.jelekin.2007.11.003PubMedID: 18096405OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-20909DiVA: diva2:209895
Available from: 2009-03-27 Created: 2009-03-27 Last updated: 2017-06-01
In thesis
1. Effects of vibration on muscles in the neck and upper limbs: with focus on occupational terrain vehicle drivers
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Effects of vibration on muscles in the neck and upper limbs: with focus on occupational terrain vehicle drivers
2008 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Occupational drivers of terrain vehicles are exposed to several risk factors associated with musculoskeletal symptoms in the lower back as well as in the neck and upper limbs. Vibration has been suggested to be a main risk factor. These drivers are exposed to both whole-body vibration (WBV) and hand-arm vibration (HAV). Aim: This study establishes the association between driving terrain vehicles and musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) in the neck and upper limbs as well as hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS). In addition, this study examines the effect on muscles in the neck and upper limbs of the type of vibration exposure that occurs in occupational driving of terrain vehicles. Methods and results: In Paper I, a cross-sectional questionnaire study on occupational drivers of terrain vehicles, increased Prevalence Odds Ratios (POR) were found for numbness, sensation of cold and white fingers (POR 1.5-3.9) and for MSDs in the neck (POR 2.1-3.9), shoulder (POR 1.8-2.6) and wrist (POR 1.7-2.6). For the shoulders, neck and elbow, there appears to be a pattern of increased odds with increasing exposure time. In Paper II, an experimental study on the trapezius muscle, which included 20 men and 17 women, the mean frequency of the electromyography signal (EMGMNF) decreased significantly more in a three minute sub-maximal contraction without vibration (-3.71Hz and -4.37Hz) compared to with induced vibration (-3.54Hz and -1.48Hz). In Paper III, a higher initial increase of the mean of the root-mean-square of the electromyography signal (EMGRMS) was seen in a three minute sub-maximal contraction with vibration exposure compared to without vibration (0.096% vs. 0.045%). There was a larger mean EMGMNF decrease for NV compared to V in the total three minutes, and a larger decrease also in the first time period was seen for the NV compared to V. A small gender effect was also noticed. In Paper IV, the combination of HAV and WBV was studied in laboratory settings and resulted in a higher trapezius EMGRMS compared to the HAV and WBV separately. Conclusion: Occupational drivers of terrain vehicles are likely to experience symptoms related to HAVS and musculoskeletal symptoms in the neck and upper limbs. Local vibration does not seem to have any negative acute effects on trapezius muscle fatigue. Vibration exposure seems to cause an initial increase in muscle activity in the trapezius that could be related to recruitment on new motor-units. A combination of HAV and WBV causes a larger muscular demand on the trapezius muscle.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, 2008. 76 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1135
Keyword
Electromyography, drivers, hand-arm vibration, trapezius, whole-body vibration
National Category
Physiotherapy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-1668 (URN)978-91-7264-506-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2008-06-13, Aulan, Vårdvetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, 901 87, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2008-05-20 Created: 2008-05-20 Last updated: 2011-04-15Bibliographically approved

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