Basal lymphoid aggregates in ulcerative colitis colon: a site for regulatory T cell action
2008 (English)In: Clinical and Experimental Immunology, ISSN 0009-9104, E-ISSN 1365-2249, Vol. 151, no 2, 326-333 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Regulatory T cells seem to play a central role in maintaining immune tolerance in the gut mucosa. Previously we have shown that interleukin (IL)-10 is produced at high levels in the inflamed colonic tissue of ulcerative colitis (UC) patients. The cellular source was CD4+ T cells, suggesting local activation of regulatory T cells. The present study was performed to determine whether the frequency of regulatory T cells is increased in UC colon and whether they are present in the basal lymphoid aggregates, the prominent microanatomical structure in UC colon. Colonic tissue specimens from UC and control patients were analysed for frequencies of lamina propria lymphocytes expressing the regulatory T cell markers forkhead box protein 3 (FoxP3), CD25 and glucocorticoid-induced tumour necrosis factor receptor family-related gene (GITR) as well as CD28, CD4 and CD3 by using marker specific reagents in immunomorphometry. Two-colour immunohistochemistry was used for detection of CD25/IL-10, FoxP3/IL-10 and CD25/FoxP3 double-positive cells. GITR+ and FoxP3+ cells were present in normal colon mucosa, although at a relatively low frequency, and were located preferentially within the solitary follicles. UC was associated with significantly increased frequencies of CD25+, GITR+ and FoxP3+ lamina propria lymphocytes both within the basal lymphoid aggregates and in the lamina propria outside. Many of the CD25+ cells co-expressed FoxP3 as well as IL-10, suggesting that these are indeed IL-10 secreting regulatory T cells, activated in an attempt to counteract the inflammation. Increased frequency of regulatory T cell subtypes seems insufficient to control the disease activity in UC.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford: Blackwell Publishing , 2008. Vol. 151, no 2, 326-333 p.
basal lymphoid aggregates, FoxP3, GITR, interleukin-10, intestinalregulatory T lymphocytes
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-21086DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2249.2007.03566.xISI: 000252205300014PubMedID: 18190460OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-21086DiVA: diva2:210584