σ54-promoter discrimination and regulation by ppGpp and DksA
2009 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 284, no 2, 828-838 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The sigma(54)-factor controls expression of a variety of genes in response to environmental cues. Much previous work has implicated the nucleotide alarmone ppGpp and its co-factor DksA in control of sigma(54)-dependent transcription in the gut commensal Escherichia coli, which has evolved to live under very different environmental conditions than Pseudomonas putida. Here we compared ppGpp/DksA mediated control of sigma(54)-dependent transcription in these two organisms. Our in vivo experiments employed P. putida mutants and manipulations of factors implicated in ppGpp/DksA mediated control of sigma(54)-dependent transcription in combination with a series of sigma(54)-promoters with graded affinities for sigma(54)-RNA polymerase. For in vitro analysis we used a P. putida-based reconstituted sigma(54)-transcription assay system in conjunction with DNA-binding plasmon resonance analysis of native and heterologous sigma(54)-RNA polymerase holoenzymes. In comparison with E. coli, ppGpp/DksA responsive sigma(54)-transcription in the environmentally adaptable P. putida was found to be more robust under low energy conditions that occur upon nutrient depletion. The mechanism behind this difference can be traced to reduced promoter discrimination of low affinity sigma(54)-promoters that is conferred by the strong DNA binding properties of the P. putida sigma(54)-RNA polymerase holoenzyme.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bethesda: The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc , 2009. Vol. 284, no 2, 828-838 p.
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Research subject Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-21643DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M807707200OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-21643DiVA: diva2:211405