Injured road users' experience of care in the emergency department
2008 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 17, no 6, 726-734 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIM: To describe the patients' perceptions of quality of care (QoC) in an emergency department (ED) and to analyse associations between patients' background characteristics and estimated QoC.
BACKGROUND: Each year 1.4 out of every 100 inhabitants are injured in the traffic environment and receive care at the ED. No study has yet analysed different injured road users' perceived QoC, or how important they rate different caring dimensions.
DESIGN: Cross-sectional study at the ED, in the University Hospital in Umeå, Sweden.
METHOD: A stratified consecutive sample of 166 car occupants, 200 cyclists and 199 pedestrians, aged 18-70 years, all injured in the traffic environment. Data were collected from medical records and from a mail survey using a short form of the Quality from the Patient's Perspective questionnaire, modified for ED use. The statistical methods used included Mann-Whitney's U-test, the Kruskal-Wallis test and multiple logistic regression.
RESULTS: The perceived QoC and the subjective importance of the corresponding QoC dimensions were rated at the 'better' half of the rating scale, with no differences between the different road user categories. The most prominent factors associated with a positive perceived QoC rating were a short waiting time, moderate or serious injuries and high age as well as high educational level of the injury victim. For the subjective importance, a short waiting time was rated as the most important but slight differences were seen, related to education and sex.
CONCLUSION: The association patterns between the areas of perceived reality and subjective importance indicated that expectations were higher than perceived QoC, suggesting that patients expected somewhat higher QoC than they received.
RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Information on factors causing long waiting times, adapted to patients' age, sex and educational level, may reduce dissatisfaction among long waiting patients, especially among those with minor injuries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. Vol. 17, no 6, 726-734 p.
emergency department, patient's experience, Quality from the Patient's Perspective questionnaire, quality of care, traffic injury
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-21770DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2006.01873.xISI: 000253121300004PubMedID: 17419790OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-21770DiVA: diva2:211871
Published Online: 5 Apr 20072009-04-202009-04-202015-09-08Bibliographically approved