Arsenic chemical species-dependent genotoxic potential in water extracts from two CCA-contaminated soils measured by DNA-repair deficient CHO-cells
2009 (English)In: Science of the Total Environment, ISSN 0048-9697, E-ISSN 1879-1026, Vol. 407, no 14, 4253-4260 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Two soils with similar contamination levels from wood preservatives containing Chromium (Cr), Copper (Cu) and Arsenic (As) (CCA), were assessed for their general toxicity and genotoxicity. A set of water-based extraction methods, including pressurized liquid extraction (PLE), and batch leaching in milli-Q water and a weak CaCl2-solution, was used to produce soil extracts containing available fractions of contaminants. In addition, to obtain indications of the contaminants' bioavailability and toxic potential the genotoxicity of the extracts was estimated by testing their ability to inhibit the growth of wildtype Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO-cells) and three genetically modified pheno-types that are deficient in different DNA-repair mechanisms. Total extractable arsenic concentrations in the extracts were comparable between the sites. However, the genotoxic potential was clearly higher in soil R extracts. The differences in genotoxic responses were related to differences in inorganic arsenic speciation. The ratio of trivalent arsenic (AsIII) to pentavalent arsenic (AsV) was higher in all soil extracts from soil R, regardless of the leaching method used. The results of the various combinations of soil extraction techniques and assays using the CHO-cell lines reflected important differences in arsenic speciation in the two soils and possible synergistic effects in CCA-related exposure. They also indicate that speciation and combinatory effects are factors that should be taken into account when assessing risks at former wood impregnation sites contaminated by CCA-agents.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier B.V. , 2009. Vol. 407, no 14, 4253-4260 p.
CCA, Arsenic speciation, CHO-cells, DNA-repair, Genotoxicity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-22138DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2009.02.036PubMedID: 19361837OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-22138DiVA: diva2:212845