Effects of leptin, acetylcholine and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide on insulin secretion in isolated ob/ob mouse pancreatic islets
2004 (English)In: Acta Diabetologica, ISSN 0940-5429, E-ISSN 1432-5233, Vol. 41, no 3, 104-112 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Obesity is often accompanied by hyperleptinemia, hyperinsulinemia, and an increased parasympathetic tone. Obese-hyperglycemic mice (Umeå ob/ob) have functional leptin receptors and a raised parasympathetic tone. We studied insulin release in islets isolated from 9-month-old severely obese ob/ob mice. Leptin (0.5-18 nM) did not affect insulin release together with 2.8-20 mM glucose. Leptin (18 microM) had no effect in the presence of low glucose (2.8-5.5 mM), but increased insulin secretion in islets challenged with 11.1 or 16.7 mM glucose. Leptin at 18 microM increased insulin secretion stimulated by the parasympathetic neurotransmitters acetylcholine (ACh; 10 microM) or vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP; 10 nM), and by 5 mM theophylline or 2.5 microM forskolin. Overnight culture increased the effect of 18 microM leptin, but no effects were observed with 18 nM leptin. Pretreatment of islets with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) did not suggest any involvement of protein kinase C. In summary, a high concentration of leptin stimulates insulin release in the presence of stimulatory concentrations of glucose alone and with parasympathetic neurotransmitters. Hyperleptinemia and increased parasympathetic stimulation may in part cause the hyperinsulinemia observed in obesity. This may aggravate insulin resistance and the abnormal metabolism in diabetes mellitus.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Berlin: Springer , 2004. Vol. 41, no 3, 104-112 p.
leptin, insulin, acetylcholine, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, ob/ob mouse
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-22633DOI: 10.1007/s00592-004-0152-0PubMedID: 15666577OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-22633DiVA: diva2:217491