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Characteristics of cardiac arrest and resuscitation by age group: an analysis from the Swedish Cardiac Arrest Registry
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2007 (English)In: American Journal of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 0735-6757, E-ISSN 1532-8171, Vol. 25, no 9, 1025-1031 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: The objective of this study was to describe patients who experienced an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) by age group.

METHODS: All patients who suffered from an OHCA between 1990 and 2005 and are included in the Swedish Cardiac Arrest Registry (n = 40,503) were classified into the following age groups: neonates, younger than 1 year; young children, between 1 and 4 years; older children, between 5 and 12 years; adolescents, between 13 and 17 years; young adults, between 18 and 35 years; adults not retired, between 36 and 64 years; adults retired, between 65 and 79 years; and older adults, 80 years or older.

RESULTS: Ventricular fibrillation was lowest in young children (3%) and highest in adults (35%). Survival to 1 month was lowest in neonates (2.6%) and highest in older children (7.8%). Children (<18 years), young adults (18-35 years), and adults (>35 years) survived to 1 month 24.5%, 21.2%, and 13.6% of cases, respectively (P = .0003 for trend) when found in a shockable rhythm. The corresponding figures for nonshockable rhythms were 3.8%, 3.2%, and 1.6%, respectively (P < .0001 for trend).

CONCLUSIONS: There is a large variability in characteristics and outcome among patients in various age groups who experienced an OHCA. Among the large age groups, there was a successive decline in survival with increasing age in shockable and nonshockable rhythms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
W. B. Saunders Co. , 2007. Vol. 25, no 9, 1025-1031 p.
Keyword [en]
young adults, cardiopulmonary arrest, sudden death, epidemiology, children, survival, Sweden, CPR
National Category
Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-22702DOI: 10.1016/j.ajem.2007.03.008ISI: 000251568000007PubMedID: 18022497OAI: diva2:217658
Available from: 2009-05-15 Created: 2009-05-15 Last updated: 2015-09-01Bibliographically approved

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Ängquist, Karl-Axel
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