Improved total quality by monitoring of a cardiothoracic unit. Medical, administrative and economic data followed for 9 years.
2004 (English)In: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, ISSN 1569-9293, E-ISSN 1569-9285, Vol. 3, no 1, 33-40 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To describe monitoring of a cardio-thoracic department from a total quality aspect point of view and to follow the development over 9 years. During the time period 1994-2002 a total of 10,828 cardio-thoracic operations were performed. Capacity, demographic, risk, quality, outcome and economic data were prospectively collected in various registries and analysed. Mean (and median) age increased from 64.2 to 65.3 (66-67). Patients above 70 years increased from 33.6 to 38.7% and above 80 from 2.9 to 5.5%. Operative mortality was unchanged over the time periods at slightly over 2%, with 1-year mortality 6-7%. Mortality for primary, elective coronary artery bypass grafting was 0.26% during the last 3 years. The rate of postoperative complications remained unchanged or decreased with few exceptions: Patients with postoperative confusion increased from 5.0 to 8.1% and patients with a need for face mask ventilation increased from 2.4 to 4.0%. Mean postoperative ventilation time was unchanged at around 22 h, whereas the median decreased from 9.5 to 5.3 h. The workload created by elderly patients was especially noticeable in the intensive care unit (ICU) as both number of postoperative deviations and ICU hours increased as a function of age. Cost per operation decreased by 11%. Total medical rationalisation was higher as salaries increased over time. Mean length of stay decreased by 3 days. Hospital staff hours per operation decreased whereas hospital staff hours per patient hour increased. Physician cost per operation was unchanged. Patient, staff and referring physician satisfaction was high. Several areas for improvement have been found. Monitoring and general feedback of total quality factors has shown itself a powerful tool to detect and follow large and subtle changes in the practice of cardio-thoracic surgery. Most followed factors show improvement in spite of an increase in mean and median age. Several areas may be defined where further development might decrease the trauma to the patient. Aiming at a total quality and patient safety system, monitoring is an essential prerequisite.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2004. Vol. 3, no 1, 33-40 p.
monitoring, cardiac surgery, time trends, mortality, morbidity, costs
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-22708DOI: 10.1016/S1569-9293(03)00218-4PubMedID: 17670171OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-22708DiVA: diva2:217673