Long-term follow-up of patients treated with ICD: benefit in patients with preserved left ventricular function.
2008 (English)In: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal, ISSN 1401-7431, Vol. 42, no 2, 125-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: Most major defibrillator trials have short follow-up and may neither capture the benefit for those with preserved function nor the progressive nature of advanced heart disease. We intended to investigate the long-term outcome in an unselected population of patients treated with ICD. DESIGN: We followed 124 consecutive patients that received an ICD during 1993-2002 at our institution for a median of 6.1 years. Information about heart disease, index arrhythmia, follow-up and death was extracted from medical records. RESULTS: The crude mortality was 26% (32/124). One- and two-year mortality was 6% and 12%, estimated 5- and 10-year mortality 20% and 33%. The cause of death was heart failure in 75% of deaths. The ejection fraction was below 35% in 91% of the 32 patients who died. We estimated that 28% of the patients received lifesaving therapy. The relative number of saved lives and complications was not related to the ejection fraction. CONCLUSION: Patients with preserved left ventricular function are excellent candidates for ICD, with life-saving ICD therapies in a substantial proportion, low mortality and good quality of life.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 42, no 2, 125-9 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-23121DOI: 10.1080/14017430701762719PubMedID: 18365895OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-23121DiVA: diva2:220439