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Minimal residual disease quantification in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia by real-time polymerase chain reaction using the SYBR green dye.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Medical Biosciences.
2002 (English)In: Experimental Hematology, ISSN 0301-472X, E-ISSN 1873-2399, Vol. 30, no 10, 1170-1177 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: Clone specific immunoglobulin (Ig) and T-cell receptor (TCR) gene sequences can be used as molecular targets for detection of minimal residual disease (MRD) in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Real-time quantitative PCR (RQ-PCR) with no need for post-PCR processing is an attractive approach for detection and quantification of specific DNA or RNA sequences. In the present study we evaluated a real-time PCR-based technology for MRD quantification in children with precursor-B ALL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: DNA samples from 36 children with newly diagnosed precursor-B ALL were available for molecular analysis. All patients were uniformly treated according to the Nordic Society of Pediatric Hematology and Oncology (NOPHO) protocols from 1992. A real-time PCR assay was applied for MRD quantification using LightCycler technology and the SYBR green fluorescent dye for detection of clone-specific Ig and TCR gene rearrangements as target sequences. The specificity of the PCR products was verified by melting curve analysis. RESULTS: Thirty-four of the 36 children with precursor-B ALL (94%) displayed at least one clonal Ig heavy chain (IgH) or TCR gene sequence useful as a molecular target. These clone-specific targets were successfully applied for real-time PCR quantification in all but one patient. Melting curve analysis was important for identifying all specific PCR products. In 32 pediatric precursor-B-ALL patients an MRD level >/=10(-3) at day 29 during induction treatment was significantly correlated with later bone marrow relapse (p = 0.0025). CONCLUSIONS: Real-time PCR using clone-specific primers and the SYBR green dye for detection is a feasible technique for identifying patients at risk for relapse. This approach provides an easily applicable tool for detection of IgH/TCR gene rearrangements in the routine setting. Melting curve analysis allowed clear distinction between specific rearrangements and unspecific background signals.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 30, no 10, 1170-1177 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-23196PubMedID: 12384148OAI: diva2:221281
Available from: 2009-06-03 Created: 2009-06-03 Last updated: 2014-08-21

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