Feasibility Study of Phase Measurements of the Arterial Input Function in Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MRI
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Acquired data from dynamic contrast enhanced MRI measurements can be used to non-invasively assess tumour vascular characteristics through pharmacokinetic modelling. The modelling requires an arterial input function which is the concentration of contrast agent in the blood reaching the volume of interest as a function of time. The aim of this work is testing and optimizing a turboFLASH sequence to appraise its suitability for measuring the arterial input function by measuring phase.
Contrast concentration measurements in a phantom were done with both phase and relaxivity techniques. The results were compared to simulations of the experiment conditions to compare the conformance. The results using the phase technique were promising, and the method was carried on to in-vivo testing. The in-vivo data displayed a large signal loss which motivated a new phantom experiment to examine the cause of this signal reduction. Dynamic measurements were made in a phantom with pulsatile flow to mimic a blood vessel with a somewhat modified turboFLASH sequence. The conclusions drawn from analyzing the data were used to further improve the sequence and this modified turboFLASH sequence was tested in an in-vivo experiment. The obtained concentration curve showed significant improvement and was deemed to be a good representation of the true blood concentration.
The conclusion is that phase measurements can be recommended over relaxivity based measurements. This recommendation holds for using a slice selective saturation recovery turboFLASH sequence and measuring the arterial input function in the neck. Other areas of application need more thorough testing.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 56 p.
AIF, Arterial Input Function, DCE-MRI, Dynamic Contrast Enhanced MRI, MRI, Gd, Gadolinium, Phase measurement, Phase
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-23226OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-23226DiVA: diva2:222256
Subject / course
Examensarbete i teknisk fysik
Master of Science Programme in Engineering Physics
2009-05-26, Universitetsklubben, Universum, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 11:00 (English)
UppsokPhysics, Chemistry, Mathematics
Garpebring, Anders, doktorandKarlsson, Mikael, professor
Olofsson, Lennart, univlektor