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Conduction mechanisms in some graphite-polymer composites: effects of temperature and pressure
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1998 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, Vol. 83, no 3, 1410-1419 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article is devoted to the conduction mechanisms involved in some highly electrically anisotropic resin–graphite particle composites. These materials are known to show a percolation phenomenon as the filler content is varied; they are epoxy or polyurethane based, the conducting particles are oriented single-crystal platelets, and samples are in the form of thick films. Because of their strong anisotropy, two types of measurements were made, i.e., parallel to and perpendicular to the plane of the films. Study of the resistivity variations of samples containing various concentrations in conducting particles was carried out first as a function of temperature from 4.2 to 300 K at ambient pressure, and second as a function of hydrostatic pressure up to 1.2 GPa, at room temperature. As the temperature is varied, the changes in resistivity of all the samples studied (i.e., above percolation threshold) are weak; analysis leads to the conclusion that thermally activated tunneling plays a dominant role above but close to the percolation threshold phic. As a function of pressure, more samples were studied: when the filler content is above phic, resistivity changes are quantitatively in agreement with what is expected from both percolation theory and tunneling; below threshold, the observed behavior is partially attributable to an ionic conduction mechanism throughout the polymer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics , 1998. Vol. 83, no 3, 1410-1419 p.
Keyword [en]
Resistivity, conductivity, polymer composite, graphite, plate, percolation, high pressure
National Category
Condensed Matter Physics
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-23339DOI: 10.1063/1.366904OAI: diva2:223392
Available from: 2009-06-12 Created: 2009-06-12 Last updated: 2010-01-26

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