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Rotavirusinfektion hos barn - svenska data i europeiskt perspektiv: Prospektiv observationsstudie visar belastningen inom sjukvården
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
2008 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, Vol. 105, no 16, 1181-1185 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rotavirus is globally the most common cause of severe acute gastroenteritis in small children. The burden on the Swedish healthcare system is major and earlier preliminary calculations indicate that about 1,500-2,400 children are admitted to hospital each year with rotavirus infections. The present investigation is a prospective observation study which was carried out in seven European countries in the period October 2004 - September 2005. (See also JID 2007; 195:S4-16.) All children <5 years of age living within an identified geographic area who sought medical attention for acute gastroenteritis were eligible for inclusion in the study. In Sweden, the annual incidence of gastroenteritis (regardless of pathogen) was estimated at 4.22 per 100 children under 5 years of age. The corresponding calculated incidence of rotavirus mediated gastroenteritis requiring hospitalisation was 0.77 per 100 children and for emergency consultations 1.37 per 100 children. When estimating the total burden of rotavirus mediated morbidity in Sweden we should calculate with 2,000-3,000 children requiring hospitalisation each year while at least as many will visit paediatric clinics and emergency rooms.

Abstract [sv]

Infektion med rotavirus är den vanligaste orsaken till akut gastroenterit hos barn.

REVEAL (Rotavirus gastroenteritis epidemiology and viral types in Europe accounting for losses in public health and society) är den första studien i sitt slag som på ett systematiskt sätt beskriver omfattningen av rotavirusinfektioner i Europa.

Vid beräkning av sjukdomsbördan i Sverige bör man räkna med 2000–3000 sjukhusvårdade barn per år och förmodligen minst lika många besök på barn- och akutmottagningar.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sveriges läkarförbund , 2008. Vol. 105, no 16, 1181-1185 p.
Keyword [sv]
Rotavirusinfektioner, förskolebarn, prospektiva studier, Europa, Sverige
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-23506PubMedID: 18522258OAI: diva2:224827
English title: Rotavirus infection in children--Swedish data in a European perspective. A prospective observational study shows burden in health careAvailable from: 2009-06-22 Created: 2009-06-22 Last updated: 2011-03-30Bibliographically approved

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