Clinical evaluation of applanation resonance tonometry: a comparison with Goldmann applanation tonometry.
2007 (English)In: Journal of glaucoma, ISSN 1057-0829, E-ISSN 1536-481X, Vol. 16, no 1, 88-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to calibrate and evaluate the precision of the new applanation resonance tonometry (ART) in a clinical study designed in accordance with the International Standard Organization's requirements. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-center study, where healthy volunteers and patients participated. A total of 153 eyes were divided into 3 groups with respect to their intraocular pressure (IOP) at screening: <16 mm Hg, 16 to 23 mm Hg, and >23 mm Hg. IOP was measured with Goldmann applanation tonometry (GAT) as reference method and by ART in both a biomicroscope (ARTBiom) and a handheld (ARTHand) setup with a 10-minutes pause between methods. The mean of 6 readings was regarded as one measurement value. RESULTS: Mean age of the subjects was 59 years (range 20 to 87 y). GAT showed a mean IOP of 20.0 mm Hg (range 8.5 to 43.5 mm Hg, n=153). The precision was 2.07 mm Hg for ARTBiom and 2.50 mm Hg for ARTHand, with a significant dependency for age as compared with GAT. Measurement order produced a decreasing IOP with a mean of 2.3 mm Hg between the first and last method. CONCLUSIONS: The precision obtained in both ARTBiom and ARTHand was within the limits set by the International Standard Organization standards for tonometers. The standardized procedure and the stability of the biomicroscope setup resulted in a slightly better precision as compared with the handheld setup. Despite a 10-minutes pause between measurements, the order was a significant factor, possibly because the patients were more apprehensive at the first measurement.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 16, no 1, 88-93 p.
Research subject Ophtalmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-23729DOI: 10.1097/01.ijg.0000243468.28590.8ePubMedID: 17224756Local ID: 744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-23729DiVA: diva2:225612