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What is driving the EU burden-sharing agreement: Efficiency or equity?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Konjunkturinstitutet, National Institute of Economic Research.
2007 (English)In: Journal of Environmental Management, ISSN 0301-4797, Vol. 85, no 2, 317-329 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Under the Kyoto Protocol the European Union agreed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases by 8 percent. The Burden-Sharing Agreement (BSA) redistributes the reduction target among the member states. The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the BSA. To determine if cost efficiency was considered, marginal abatement costs (MACs) are first calculated based on an estimation of the directional output distance function using country production data for 1990–2000. MACs, together with equity indicators, are then regressed on the emission change targets. The main conclusion is that both efficiency and equity were important aspects considered in the settlement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ltd , 2007. Vol. 85, no 2, 317-329 p.
Keyword [en]
Burden-sharing, Cost-efficiency, Directional output distance function, Equity
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-24572DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2006.09.017OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-24572DiVA: diva2:226718
Available from: 2009-07-03 Created: 2009-07-03 Last updated: 2009-11-20

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Marklund, Per-Olov

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