Dermal exposure to styrene in the fibreglass reinforced plastics industry.
2004 (English)In: Annals of Occupational Hygiene, ISSN 0003-4878, Vol. 48, no 3, 203-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the potential dermal exposure to styrene in the fibreglass reinforced plastics industry. METHODS: Assessment was performed during spraying and rolling using a patch sampling technique. The patch was made of charcoal sandwiched between two layers of cotton fabric. Samplers were fastened at 12 different spots on a sampling overall, each spot representing a body area. One patch was fastened at the front of a cap. A patch fastened to a string worn around the neck assessed the exposure at chest level inside the clothing. Patches were fastened to cotton gloves at sites representing the dorsal side and the palm of the hand to evaluate exposure on these areas. Following sampling the patches were solvent desorbed and styrene was analysed by gas chromatography flame ionization detection. RESULTS: The potential body exposure for the participating individuals was between 544 and 17 100 mg/h with a geometric mean (GM) of 3780 mg/h. The legs, arms and outer chest in general had the highest exposures. The left and right hands had mean (GM) exposures of 344 and 433 mg/h, respectively. Styrene was determined for the patch at the inside of the clothing, indicating contamination of the dermal layer. CONCLUSIONS: The charcoal patch can be used to evaluate potential exposure to styrene. The results indicate that the dermal layer of the worker is exposed to styrene. Precautions should be performed to reduce dermal exposure.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 48, no 3, 203-8 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-24936DOI: 10.1093/annhyg/meh012PubMedID: 15059796OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-24936DiVA: diva2:228103