Aqueous surface chemistry of Goethite: adsorption and desorption reactions involving phosphate and carboxylic acids
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Phosphorus is an essential element for all known forms of life. In the form of phosphate, this nutrient is retained in soils and sediments by sorption on mineral particles, clays and other soil constituents. In addition, phosphate precipitates with metal ions to form a range of phosphate containing minerals, and only a minor part of phosphate is found dissolved in soil solution. One way of releasing sorbed phosphate is through ligand exchange reactions with for example carboxylic acids. This thesis summarizes five papers and focuses on the interactions of phosphate and carboxylates at the water-goethite interface. Quantitative adsorption data and spectroscopic evaluations of the surface complexation were used collectively to gain a better understanding of these processes. In agreement with previous studies, it was found that the number of carboxylic groups is important to the competitive ability of the organic acids towards phosphate. However, it was also shown that the positions of the functional groups are highly relevant to this ability. Furthermore, partially protonated species were – because of hydrogen bond interactions - shown to be more competitive than fully deprotonated equivalents. Another central finding in this work is that competitive interactions do not necessarily involve ligand-exchange reactions between inner sphere surface complexes. To study the lability of the complexes, desorption experiments were performed. Among the benzenecarboxylates, the order of increased lability matched that of the decreased ability to compete with phosphate for surface sites on the goethite. Also shown in this thesis is the ability of goethite to increase the dissolution of fluorapatite mainly through the high affinity of phosphate ions for the goethite surface.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2009. , 39 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-25727ISBN: 978-91-7264-774-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-25727DiVA: diva2:233417
Distributor:Kemi, 90187, Umeå
2009-09-25, KB3B1, KBC, Umeå University, 13:00 (English)
Stone, Alan, Professor
Persson, Per, ProfessorSjöberg, Staffan, Professor
List of papers