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Socio-economic differentiation and selective migration in rural and urban Sweden
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The aim of this thesis is to analyse migration and socio-economic differentiation in rural and urban spaces: where people move, what the characteristics of migrants are and whether experiences of rural and urban space affect attitudes toward the local living environment and place attachment. The background consists of five themes discussing different aspects of socio-economic differentiation and selective migration, for example polarization and rural gentrification. Integrated in the five themes are summaries of the four papers.

The first paper, The divided city? Socio-economic changes in Stockholm metropolitan area, 1970-1994, analyses the income distribution in the Stockholm metropolitan area using residential area statistics regarding income among residents. The results show that polarization and segregation has increased during the study period. The second paper, The attraction of the rural: Characteristics of rural migrants, analyses the socio-economic and demographic characteristics of migrants to the countryside in Sweden using individual register data. The results show that urban areas attract the young, the highly educated and those with high income while rural areas attract older migrants, the self employed and families, but when comparing rural areas, periurban countrysides were more attractive to those with high income and education than more remote areas.  The third paper, Rural gentrification as a migration process: Evidence from Sweden, focuses on rural gentrification as a migration process and is based on an analysis of register data. The results show that rural gentrification in the remote countrysides of Sweden is of marginal importance. In the fourth paper, Place attachment and attitudes among young adults in rural/urban spaces, young adults’ (25-40 years of age) attitudes toward the rural/urban qualities of their local living environment and their place attachments are investigated using a survey. The results show that most people appreciate the environment they live in and they are also attached to this place. However, urban residents with a rural background seem less pleased with and are less attached to their present environment.

In conclusion, migration selectivity works to reinforce both patterns of segregation and patterns of ageing. There is indication of both demographic and socio-economic polarization between and within rural and urban areas and this polarization is reinforced by selective migration flows. However, the results also indicate that rural areas are attractive living environments to many, particularly the periurban countryside and that there may be a rural migration potential among urban residents with a rural background.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2009. , 61 p.
Series
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 2009:1
Keyword [en]
Migration, rural, urban, Sweden, rural gentrification, polarization, segregation
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-25780ISBN: 978-91-978344-0-7 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-25780DiVA: diva2:233762
Distributor:
Kulturgeografi, 90187, Umeå
Public defence
2009-09-24, Hörsal G, Humanisthuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-09-04 Created: 2009-09-02 Last updated: 2009-09-04Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. The divided city?: Socio-economic changes in Stockholm Metropolitan area 1970-1994
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The divided city?: Socio-economic changes in Stockholm Metropolitan area 1970-1994
1998 (English)In: Urban segregation and the welfare state:: Inequality and exclusion in Western cities, London: Routledge , 1998, 206-222 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge, 1998
Keyword
Polarization, Segregation, Welfare state, Stockholm, Sweden
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-25789 (URN)0-415-17059 (ISBN)
Available from: 2009-09-03 Created: 2009-09-03 Last updated: 2009-09-04
2. The attraction of the rural characteristics of rural migrants in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The attraction of the rural characteristics of rural migrants in Sweden
2006 (English)In: Scottish Geographical Journal, Vol. 122, no 1, 55-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11829 (URN)
Available from: 2007-03-16 Created: 2007-03-16 Last updated: 2009-09-02Bibliographically approved
3. Rural gentrfication as a migration process: Evidence from Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Rural gentrfication as a migration process: Evidence from Sweden
2009 (English)In: Migration Letters, ISSN 1741-8984, Vol. 6, no 1, 91-100 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The aim of this study is to investigate rural gentrification as a migration process in parts of the sparsely populated countryside. The aim is sought through an analysis of the socio-economic and demographic composition of migration patterns using register data and employing different methods including logistic regression analysis. The particular time set of the analyses from the late 1980s until the early 1990s has been utilized as a way to understand the changing migration pattern of a changing economy; from boom to bust. The results show that rural gentrification is of marginal importance in the sparsely populated countryside of Sweden.

Keyword
Rural gentrification, Migration, Sweden
National Category
Human Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-25788 (URN)
Available from: 2009-09-03 Created: 2009-09-03 Last updated: 2012-05-31Bibliographically approved
4. Place attachment and attitudes among young adults in rural and urban spaces
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Place attachment and attitudes among young adults in rural and urban spaces
2009 (English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Keyword
Migration, Place attachment, attitudes, rural, urban
National Category
Human Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-25790 (URN)
Available from: 2009-09-03 Created: 2009-09-03 Last updated: 2012-05-31Bibliographically approved

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Hjort, Susanne

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