Increased levels of macrophage-secreted Cathepsin S during Prostate Cancer progression in TRAMP mice and patients
2009 (English)In: Cancer Genomics and Proteomics, ISSN ISSN 1109-6535, EISSN 1790-6245, Vol. 6, no 3, 149-159 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Protein expression during prostate tumour progression in transgenic TRAMP mice was studied, with the aim of identifying proteins associated with tumour progression and castration resistant tumour growth. Materials and Methods: Protein expression was compared between normal mouse prostate, primary TRAMP tumours and peripheral metastases in long-term castrated TRAMP mice using 2-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis and MALDI TOF/TOF analysis. Results were verified with Western blot analysis and immunohisto-chemistry in the TRAMP model and samples from patients. Results: The active form of cathepsin S (Cat S) was identified as being significantly up-regulated in poorly differentiated TRAMP tumours and in castration-resistant metastases compared to normal mouse prostate and well-differentiated tumours. Increased Cat S levels were also found in high Gleason grade tumour areas in patients. Cat S was primarily expressed by tumour-infiltrating macrophages, as shown by double staining of Cat S and CD68 expressing cells. A significantly higher number of Cat S expressing macrophages was found in castration-resistant than in hormone naïve high grade tumours in patients. No relation was found between Cat S levels and suggested Cat S regulated, matrix-derived fragments of collagen IV or laminin 5 γ2. Conclusion: Macrophage-secreted Cat S levels increase during prostate cancer progression and could be an interesting target for therapy.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
The International Institute of Anticancer Research , 2009. Vol. 6, no 3, 149-159 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-25861OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-25861DiVA: diva2:234421