Influence of a life style intervention among persons with a psychiatric disability: a cluster randomised controlled trail on symptoms, quality of life and sense of coherence
(English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067Article in journal (Refereed) Accepted
Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate how a life style intervention programme influences psychiatric and psychosocial factors among persons with psychiatric disabilities.
Background: Persons with psychiatric disabilities often suffer from a simultaneous physical health problem, where circulatory disorder, hyperlipideamia, digestive disease, diabetes mellitus and obesity are prevalent. Studies have also shown a relationship between physical activity and mental health. But few randomised controlled trails have been aimed specifically at life style interventions and their effect on psychiatric health and quality of life among persons with psychiatric disabilities.
Design: a cluster randomised controlled trail.
Methods: Forty one persons with a DSM- ІV diagnosis in eight supported housing facilities and two housing support programmes and their carers were on cluster level randomly assigned to a 12 month health intervention programme in the form of study circles with diet sessions and physical activities or a control programme. The changes in the mean of quality of life, level of functioning, psychiatric symptoms and sense of coherence was investigated and its relationship to physical health and attendance.
Results: A significant increase in the sense of coherence was seen in both programmes but also significant improvements in the intervention group compared to controls at the follow-up.
Conclusions: Structured activities in the form of life style intervention programmes with a sufficient level of challenge that encourage persons with psychiatric disabilities to participate in activities in a social context may contribute to a significant increase in the sense of coherence.
Relevance to clinical practice: Improving physical health with life style programmes in the form of study circles and when involving their cares will in addition to increased physical health end in improved sense of coherence.
Psychiatric disability, physical health, health intervention, Sense of Coherence, psychosocial factors, RCT.
Research subject Caring Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-25941OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-25941DiVA: diva2:235192