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Essays on Child Care and Higher Education
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists of a summary and four self-contained papers.

Paper [I] examines whether fathers influence the time their children spend in subsidized child care. Two non-nested models of family child care demand are estimated. The parameter estimates indicate that several characteristics of the father are associated with the time his child spends in child care. J-tests and bootstrapped J-tests also show that a model where the father’s characteristics are excluded can be rejected in favour of a model where his characteristics are included.

Paper [II] considers the effects of the Swedish child care fee reform on public expenditures and taxation in the municipalities. A difference-in-difference approach is employed where outcomes are compared with respect to the municipalities’ pre-reform fee systems. The results show that pre-reform characteristics determine taxes and child care expenditures in the post-reform period. It is also found that changes in child care quality were not connected to the pre-reform systems characteristics.

Paper [III] provides evidence of the effect of college quality on earnings in Sweden. The results suggest that the link between college quality and earnings is weak. A small positive effect is found for individuals that are likely to work full time. Controlling for region of work affects the estimated effects, indicating a correlation between choice of college quality and choice of labour market region.

In Paper [IV], earnings differences between transfer and non-transfer students are analysed. The results show that earnings, during the first years after leaving the university, are significantly lower for students who change universities compared to students who do not change. The earnings differences decrease significantly over time and over the earnings distribution.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för nationalekonomi , 2009. , 30 p.
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018
Keyword [en]
Child care demand, subsidized child care, dual care provider model, local public expenditures, income taxation, college quality, earnings, selection on observables, university choice, earnings distribution
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26013ISBN: 978-91-7264-839-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-26013DiVA: diva2:235770
Public defence
2009-10-09, Hörsal B, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-09-18 Created: 2009-09-17 Last updated: 2009-09-18Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Do fathers influence the time their children spend in subsidized child care?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Do fathers influence the time their children spend in subsidized child care?
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

This paper examines whether the fathers' characteristics affect the number of hours their children spend in subsidized child care. More explicitly, we estimate two non-nested models of child care demand in Sweden. The "dual care provider" model allows for variations in the labor supply of both parents and includes a number of personal characterics of both the father and the mother. The "single care provider" model follows earlier research and assumes that the father's working hours are fixed and exogenous to the family's child care demand. The parameter estimates indicate that several characterics of the father are associated with the time his child spends in child care. J-tests and bootstrap J-tests were performed to compare the models. The tests show that the single care provider model can be rejected in favor of the dual care provider model, but the reverse is not true.

Keyword
Child care demand, subsidized child care, dual care provider model
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26008 (URN)
Available from: 2009-09-17 Created: 2009-09-17 Last updated: 2012-10-18Bibliographically approved
2. Assessing the effects of the child-care fee reform on public expenditures and taxation
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Assessing the effects of the child-care fee reform on public expenditures and taxation
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Abstract [en]

This paper studies the effects of the Swedish child-care fee reform on public expenditures and taxation in the municipalities. The reform implied a common system of child-care fees among all the municipalities and was introduced in 2002. In order to study its effects, we employ a difference-in-difference approach, where outcomes are compared with respect to differences in the municipalities' pre-reform fee systems. It was found that pre-reform characteristics determine taxes and expenditures in the post-reform period. We then discuss the likely causes of these differences and find that the reform did change the child-care demand in municippalities that had applied time rates relative to those who applied income dependent fees prior to reform. Changes in child-care quality were not connected to the pre-reform fee systems characteristics.

Keyword
Child-care subsidies, local public expenditures, income taxation
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26009 (URN)
Available from: 2009-09-17 Created: 2009-09-17 Last updated: 2010-12-06Bibliographically approved
3. The Effect of College Quality on Earnings - Evidence from Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Effect of College Quality on Earnings - Evidence from Sweden
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Keyword
College quality, earnings, selection on observables
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26010 (URN)
Available from: 2009-09-17 Created: 2009-09-17 Last updated: 2010-01-14
4. Earnings Differences Between Transfer and Non-transfer Students
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Earnings Differences Between Transfer and Non-transfer Students
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
Keyword
College education, university choice, earnings distribution
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26011 (URN)
Available from: 2009-09-17 Created: 2009-09-17 Last updated: 2010-01-14

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