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Evaluation of Oxalate Decarboxylase and Oxalate Oxidase for Industrial Applications
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
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2010 (English)In: Applied biochemistry and biotechnology, ISSN 1559-0291, Vol. 161, no 1-8, 255-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Increased recirculation of process water has given rise to problems with formation of calcium oxalate incrusts (scaling) in the pulp and paper industry and in forest biorefineries. The potential in using oxalate decarboxylase from Aspergillus niger for oxalic acid removal in industrial bleaching plant filtrates containing oxalic acid was examined and compared with barley oxalate oxidase. Ten different filtrates from chemical pulping were selected for the evaluation. Oxalate decarboxylase degraded oxalic acid faster than oxalate oxidase in eight of the filtrates, while oxalate oxidase performed better in one filtrate. One of the filtrates inhibited both enzymes. The potential inhibitory effect of selected compounds on the enzymatic activity was tested. Oxalate decarboxylase was more sensitive than oxalate oxidase to hydrogen peroxide. Oxalate decarboxylase was not as sensitive to chlorate and chlorite as oxalate oxidase. Up to 4 mM chlorate ions, the highest concentration tested, had no inhibitory effect on oxalate decarboxylase. Analysis of the filtrates suggests that high concentrations of chlorate present in some of the filtrates were responsible for the higher sensitivity of oxalate oxidase in these filtrates. Oxalate decarboxylase was thus a better choice than oxalate oxidase for treatment of filtrates from chlorine dioxide bleaching.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Humana Press , 2010. Vol. 161, no 1-8, 255-63 p.
Keyword [en]
Oxalic acid, Calcium oxalate scaling, Oxalate decarboxylase, Oxalate oxidase
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26171DOI: 10.1007/s12010-009-8769-7ISI: 000275455000024PubMedID: 19763895OAI: diva2:240573
Available from: 2009-09-29 Created: 2009-09-28 Last updated: 2010-03-23Bibliographically approved

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