'Pupils with special educational needs': a study of the assessments and categorizing processes regarding pupils' school difficulties in Sweden
2010 (English)In: International Journal of Inclusive Education, ISSN 1360-3116, E-ISSN 1464-5173, Vol. 14, no 2, 133-151 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
One important goal of Swedish educational policies is to integrate all pupils within regular education, irrespective of disability or difficulties in school, and to adjust education to individual needs. The aim of this article was to explore how schools ‘socially construct’, i.e. identify and support, pupils with special educational needs. Another aim was to explore if there were any dominant patterns in the schools’ procedures to differentiate pupils with such needs from ‘normal’ pupils, and how such patterns can be understood in a broader context of educational policies. Interviews were conducted with school personnel from two compulsory schools in a municipality in northern Sweden. We chose to use the grounded theory approach for analysing the interview data. The analysis indicated that there were three different patterns or models for identifying and supporting pupils with special educational needs: a pedagogical, a social or a medical model. Various professionals were involved in different ways in each model. Another finding was that school personnel did not find it easy to sort out and assess ‘special educational needs’, and that the identification of such needs were conditioned upon resources available for the schools.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Routledge , 2010. Vol. 14, no 2, 133-151 p.
assessment, special education needs, inclusive education, special education
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26167DOI: 10.1080/13603110802504176ISI: 000285196700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-26167DiVA: diva2:240684