Complications to thyroid surgery: results as reported in a database from a multicenter audit comprising 3,660 patients
2008 (English)In: Langenbeck's archives of surgery (Print), ISSN 1435-2443, E-ISSN 1435-2451, Vol. 393, no 5, 667-673 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND AND AIM: During recent years, more radical surgery for thyroid disease, i.e., total instead of subtotal resection, has been evident. Results following this strategy on national levels are scarce.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2004 to 2006, 26 Scandinavian Departments registered 3,660 thyroid operations in a database. Risk factors for complications were analyzed with multiple logistic regression.
RESULTS: After thyroidectomy, re-bleeding occurred in 2.1% and was associated with older age (OR 1.04; p < 0.0001) and male gender (OR 1.90; p = 0.014). Postoperative infection occurred in 1.6% and associated with lymph node operation (OR 8.18; p < 0.0001). Postoperative unilateral paresis of the recurrent laryngeal nerve was diagnosed 3.9% and bilateral paresis in 0.2%. Unilateral paresis was associated with older age, intrathoracic goiter, thyreotoxicosis, and if routine laryngoscopy was practiced (OR 1.92; p = 0.0002). After 6 months, the incidence of nerve paresis was 0.97%. After bilateral thyroid surgery (n = 1,648), hypocalcaemia treated with vitamin D analogue occurred in 9.9% of the patients at the first follow-up and in 4.4% after 6 months.
CONCLUSION: Complications to thyroid surgery are not uncommon. The high frequency of hypocalcaemia treated with vitamin D after 6 months is a cause of concern.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2008. Vol. 393, no 5, 667-673 p.
thyroid, surgery, complications, audit, database
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26308DOI: 10.1007/s00423-008-0366-7ISI: 000259007800009PubMedID: 18633639OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-26308DiVA: diva2:241725