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Bullying and social objectives: A study of prerequisites for success in Swedish schools
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis examines the relationship between organizations structure, culture and leadership. The specific organization that has been studied is Swedish secondary schools. The Swedish schools have a divided task, first to develop the students academic skills and secondly to develop the students socially and civically. This thesis has its interest on the schools social environment with special interest focused on questions regarding bullying and insulting behaviour. The data that has been used consists of interviews and questionnaires with students, teachers and principals in 24 Swedish schools that have been studied in a larger study. This work is a part of a project called Structure, Culture and Leadership – prerequisites for successful schools?.  The 24 schools that took part in the SCL study were divided in to four different groups depending on how well they are succeeding in reaching the social and academic objectives formulated in the steering documents. The main result show that principals that succeed to align structure and culture in relation to both the social and academic objectives are the ones that can be perceived as successful. It is these schools that have the lowest level of bullying and the highest grades. The principal takes social responsibility and takes questions in relation to bullying and insulting behaviour seriously. By doing that the principal can communicate the seriousness of the topic in order to develop awareness within the organization and a preventive work can therefore be possible. In schools that work with the students’ ability to be participative seems to develop the students both socially and academically.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet , 2009. , 57 p.
Series
Akademiska avhandlingar vid Sociologiska institutionen, Umeå universitet, ISSN 1104-2508 ; 60
Keyword [en]
Successful schools, Social objectives, Leadership, Bullying, Insulting behaviour
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26472ISBN: 978-91-7264-855-5 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-26472DiVA: diva2:266327
Distributor:
Sociologi, 90187, Umeå
Public defence
2009-11-06, Hörsal E, Humanisthuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Projects
Structure, Culture and Leadership - Prerequisites for Successful Schools?
Available from: 2009-10-13 Created: 2009-10-11 Last updated: 2009-10-13Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Measuring the social and civic objectives of schools
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Measuring the social and civic objectives of schools
2010 (English)In: School Leadership: International Perspectives / [ed] Stephan Huber, Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2010, 19-37 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Bern: Peter Lang Publishing Group, 2010
Series
Studies in educational leadership, Vol 10
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26515 (URN)10.1007/978-90-481-3501-1_2 (DOI)978-90-481-3500-4 (ISBN)978-90-481-3501-1 (ISBN)
Projects
Structure, Culture and Leadership - Prerequisites for Successful Schools?
Available from: 2009-10-13 Created: 2009-10-12 Last updated: 2013-07-03Bibliographically approved
2. Mobbning och skolans sociala mål
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mobbning och skolans sociala mål
2011 (Swedish)In: Struktur, kultur och ledarskap: Förutsättningar för framgångsrika skolor / [ed] Jonas Höög, Olof Johansson, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2011, 1, 153-174 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lund: Studentlitteratur, 2011 Edition: 1
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26516 (URN)978-91-44-06754-4 (ISBN)
Projects
Structure, Culture and Leadership - Prerequisites for Successful Schools?
Available from: 2009-10-13 Created: 2009-10-12 Last updated: 2011-03-16Bibliographically approved
3. "We are no different": Swedish Principals views on their Schools
Open this publication in new window or tab >>"We are no different": Swedish Principals views on their Schools
(English)In: Power and education, ISSN 1757-7438Article in journal (Refereed) Submitted
Abstract [en]

This article focuses on principals and their leadership and this is related to perceived level of bullying among the students. Eight schools were chosen in this study, the four schools with the lowest amount and the four schools with the highest amount of students that perceived that bullying occurred at their school. At these schools interviews made with the principals where analysed. One specific question where analysed where the principals answered if they had any bullying at their school. The conclusion is that schools that seem to have a high level of bullying have principals that give two types of responses, one that mitigates the problem by responding that the level of bullying is at a “normal” level or just like “any other school”. The second response is a one of denial where the principals responds with a “no problem”-response that indicates that it does not occur bullying at their school. The schools that have a low level of bullying on the other hand have principals that acknowledge that it occurs. Schools that have a high level of bullying have principals that do not acknowledge that. On schools with a low level of bullying the principals perceives the level of bullying as problem and acknowledge its existence.

Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26517 (URN)
Projects
Structure, Culture and Leadership - Prerequisites for Successful Schools
Available from: 2009-10-13 Created: 2009-10-12 Last updated: 2009-10-13Bibliographically approved
4. Student participation and school success: A study about participation, grades and bullying among 9th grade students in Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Student participation and school success: A study about participation, grades and bullying among 9th grade students in Sweden
2010 (English)In: Education Inquiry, ISSN 2000-4508, Vol. 1, no 2, 97-115 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

In the Swedish school law and curriculum it is stated that students shall be participative in their work. They should work in a participative manner and the pedagogical idea is that influence and participation has multiple benefits for the students’ development. In this article the relationship between student participation and school success is examined. By using a theoretically based participation index eight schools were chosen to be closer examined. Success was measured by the schools grades and the level of perceived bullying among the students. Student participation seems to have beneficial effects on the students’ academic and social development. In schools that have higher level of student participation the grades were higher and the level of perceived bullying among the students was lower than schools with a lower level of participation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå School of Education, Umeå university, 2010
Keyword
Participation, influence, bullying, grades, school success
National Category
Sociology
Research subject
Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26518 (URN)
Projects
Structure, Culture and Leadership - Prerequisites for Successful Schools?
Available from: 2009-10-13 Created: 2009-10-12 Last updated: 2011-01-21Bibliographically approved

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