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A population-based study of patterns of care for muscle-invasive bladder cancer in Sweden.
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2009 (English)In: Scandinavian journal of urology and nephrology, ISSN 1651-2065, Vol. 43, no 4, 271-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer in a population-based national register, and specifically to investigate the role of curative therapy (i.e. cystectomy or radiotherapy) in relation to patient, tumour and hospital characteristics. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The Swedish Bladder Cancer Register covers more than 90% of all patients in the country who have been diagnosed with such disease since 1997. Results from 1997-2003 were analysed regarding curative-intent treatment given within 3-6 months of diagnosis of muscle-invasive bladder cancer. RESULTS: In total, 3463 patients with clinical T2-T4 bladder cancer were included in the analysis. Of those patients, 1426 (41%) received curative-intent treatment in the form of radiotherapy (285, 20%) or cystectomy (1141, 80%). Male gender, age < 76 years, favourable TNM category and registration at a high-volume hospital were associated with such treatment. Curative-intent treatment was given to significantly more patients registered at high-volume hospitals (1003/2227, 45%) than at low-volume hospitals (423/1235, 34%) (chi(2)=37.7, p<0.00001). Cystectomy was performed more often in those registered at high-volume than at low-volume hospitals (826/2227, 37%, and 316/1235, 26%, respectively, chi(2)=47.3, p<0.00001). CONCLUSIONS: Lower rates of curative-intent treatment were found in patients registered at low-volume than at high-volume facilities, and the same was seen when comparing females with males, and patients aged 76-80 years with younger patients. Since many of these bladder cancer patients were registered at and eventually treated at hospitals handling fewer than 10 such cases annually, it seems desirable to concentrate treatment of this disease at more specialized centres.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 43, no 4, 271-6 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26486DOI: 10.1080/00365590902909778PubMedID: 19424934OAI: diva2:271445
Available from: 2009-10-12 Created: 2009-10-12 Last updated: 2009-10-12

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