ALS patients with mutations in the SOD1 gene have an unique metabolomic profile in the cerebrospinal fluid compared with ALS patients without mutations
2012 (English)In: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism, ISSN 1096-7192, E-ISSN 1096-7206, Vol. 105, no 3, 472-478 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A specific biochemical marker for early diagnosing and for monitoring disease progression in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) will have important clinical applications. ALS is a heterogeneous syndrome with multiple subtypes with ill-defined borders. A minority of patients carries mutations in the Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (SOD1) gene but the disease mechanism remains unknown for all types of ALS. Using a GC-TOFMS platform we studied the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) metabolome in 16 ALS patients with six different mutations in the SOD1 gene and compared with ALS-patients without such mutations. OPLS-DA was used for classification modeling. We find that patients with a SOD1 mutation have a distinct metabolic profile in the CSF. In particular, the eight patients homozygous for the D90A SOD1 mutation showed a distinctively different signature when modeled against ALS patients with other SOD1 mutations and sporadic and familial ALS patients without a SOD1 gene mutation. This was found irrespective of medication with riluzole and survival time. Among the metabolites that contributed most to the CSF signature were arginine, lysine, ornithine, serine, threonine and pyroglutamic acid, all found to be reduced in patients carrying a D90A SOD1 mutation. ALS-patients with a SOD1 gene mutation appear as a distinct metabolic entity in the CSF, in particular in patients with the D90A mutation, the most frequently identified cause of ALS. The findings suggest that metabolomic profiling using GC-TOFMS and multivariate data analysis may be a future tool for diagnosing and monitoring disease progression, and may cast light on the disease mechanisms in ALS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2012. Vol. 105, no 3, 472-478 p.
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), D90A SOD1, metabolome, metabolomics, biomarker, chemometrics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-26873DOI: 10.1016/j.ymgme.2011.11.201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-26873DiVA: diva2:274609
Available online 9 December 20112009-10-302009-10-302012-04-27Bibliographically approved