Multiscaling in an YX model of networks
2009 (English)In: Physical Review E. Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics, ISSN 1063-651X, E-ISSN 1095-3787, Vol. 80, 036120- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Weinvestigate a Hamiltonian model of networks. The model is amirror formulation of the XY model (hence the name)—instead ofletting the XY spins vary, keeping the coupling topology static,we keep the spins conserved and sample different underlying networks.Our numerical simulations show complex scaling behaviors with various exponentsas the system grows and temperature approaches zero, but nofinite-temperature universal critical behavior. The ground-state and low-order excitations forsparse, finite graphs are a fragmented set of isolated networkclusters. Configurations of higher energy are typically more connected. Theconnected networks of lowest energy are stretched out giving thenetwork large average distances. For the finite sizes we investigate,there are three regions—a low-energy regime of fragmented networks, anintermediate regime of stretched-out networks, and a high-energy regime ofcompact, disordered topologies. Scaling up the system size, the bordersbetween these regimes approach zero temperature algebraically, but different network-structuralquantities approach their T=0 values with different exponents. We arguethis is a, perhaps rare, example of a statistical-physics modelwhere finite sizes show a more interesting behavior than thethermodynamic limit.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 80, 036120- p.
statistical mechanics, thermodynamics, topology, XY model
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-27016DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.80.036120OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-27016DiVA: diva2:275622