umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Labour mobility and plant performance: The influence of proximity, relatedness and agglomeration 
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social and Economic Geography.
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this thesis is to shed new light on the theorizations discussing the economic benefits of geographical clustering in a space economy increasingly characterized by globalization processes. This is made possible through the employment of a plant-perspective and a focus on how the relative fixity and mobility of labour influence plant performance throughout the entire Swedish economy. 

By means of the longitudinal micro database ASTRID, connecting attributes of individuals to features of plants and localities for the whole Swedish economy, the empirical findings indicate that both localization and urbanization economies produce significant labour market externalities and that such inter-plant linkages positively affect plant performance as compared to the partial effects of relative regional specialization and diversification. Moreover, it is also demonstrated that it is necessary both to distinguish how well the external skills retrieved via labour mobility match the existing knowledge base of plants and to determine the geographical dimension of such flows to verify the relative effect of labour market-induced externalities. Finally, it is demonstrated that whereas general urbanization is beneficial within close distance to the plant, the composition of economic activities is more influential at greater distances. In such cases the geographical dimension influences whether plants benefit from being located in similar or different local settings. 

In conclusion, it is argued that the circulation of labour skills, created and reproduced through the place-specific industrial setup, is crucial for understanding the mechanisms creating geographical variations in plant performance as compared to other regional conditions often proxied as relative specialization or diversification. This is because the relative fixity of labour tends to create place- and sector-specific skills which by means of their mobility in space are likely to facilitate the recombination of local skills, make the acquirement of non-local skills possible and secure sufficient affinity between economic actors by strengthening other dimensions of proximity – all aspects regarded as crucial to facilitate interactive learning processes and contribute to sustained regional growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Kulturgeografiska institutionen , 2009. , 58 p.
Series
GERUM, ISSN 1402-5205 ; 2009:2
Keyword [en]
Agglomeration economies, labour mobility, plant performance, geographical proximity, related variety, clusters
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-27715ISBN: 978-91-978344-1-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-27715DiVA: diva2:277339
Public defence
2009-12-11, Sal 205, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-11-20 Created: 2009-11-17 Last updated: 2009-11-20Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Agglomeration mobility: Effects of localisation, urbanisation, and scale on job changes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Agglomeration mobility: Effects of localisation, urbanisation, and scale on job changes
2008 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 40, 2419-2434 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Following increased attention being paid to the importance of labour-market processes in relation to knowledge diffusion and learning, this study addresses the influence of agglomeration economies (localisation, urbanisation, and scale) on the propensity to change jobs between and within local labour markets. From the use of longitudinal individual data (1990 ^ 2002), controlling for factors such as age, sex, income, and social relations, the results show that the composition of regional economies influences labour-market dynamism. We identify two cases of intraregional agglomeration mobility, that is, positive effects on job mobility, due to the concentration of similar activities (localisation economies) and the size of the labour market (urbanisation economies). The results also show that localisation economies compensate for regional structural disadvantages connected to small population numbers, as localisation effects in small regions have a significantlypositive effect on intraregional job-mobility rates, even compared with localisation effects in large and diversified metropolitan areas. The results indicate that the concentration of similar activities may be useful for small regions, if high levels of job mobility are crucial for the transfer of knowledge and the performance of firms.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pion, 2008
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19689 (URN)10.1068/a39312 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-03-09 Created: 2009-03-09 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
2. Localized mobility clusters: Impacts of labour market externalities on firm performance
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Localized mobility clusters: Impacts of labour market externalities on firm performance
2009 (English)In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 9, no 1, 33-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the impact of labour market-induced externalities on firm performance by using a unique database that connects attributes of individuals to workplaces for the entire Swedish economy. Based on the analysis of 256,985 workplaces, our results show that firms belonging to networks of local job mobility (i.e. ‘localized mobility clusters’) significantly outperform other similar firms within the local labour market. The results also indicate that concentrations of similar and related firms do not explain any considerable part of the variations in firm competitiveness. Labour market externalitiesderived via local job mobility produce significantly more powerful effects for the involved firms as compared to the degree of co-location, diversity and scale.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2009
Keyword
labour mobility, agglomeration economies, firm performance, labour market networks
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19681 (URN)10.1093/jeg/lbn025 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-03-09 Created: 2009-03-09 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
3. How does labour mobility affect the performance of plants?: The importance of relatedness and geographical proximity
Open this publication in new window or tab >>How does labour mobility affect the performance of plants?: The importance of relatedness and geographical proximity
2009 (English)In: Journal of Economic Geography, ISSN 1468-2702, E-ISSN 1468-2710, Vol. 9, no 2, 169-190 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This article analyses the impact of skill portfolios and labour mobility on plantperformance by means of a unique database that connects attributes of individuals to features of plants for the whole Swedish economy. We found that a portfolio of related competences at the plant level increases significantly productivity growth of plants, in contrast to plant portfolios consisting of either similar or unrelated competences. Based on the analysis of 101,093 job moves, we found that inflows of skills that are related to the existing knowledge base of the plant had a positive effect on plant performance, while the inflow of new employees with skills that are already present in the plant had a negative impact. Our analyses also show that geographical proximityinfluences the effect of different skill inflows. Inflows of unrelated skills only contribute positively to plant performance when these are recruited in the same region. Labour mobility across regions only has a positive effect on productivity growth of plants when this concerns new employees with related skills.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Oxford University Press, 2009
Keyword
labour mobility, related variety, skill portfolio, plant performance, geographical proximity
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-19671 (URN)10.1093/jeg/lbn041 (DOI)
Available from: 2009-03-09 Created: 2009-03-09 Last updated: 2017-12-13Bibliographically approved
4. Localized spillovers and knowledge flows: How does proximity influence the performance of plants?
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Localized spillovers and knowledge flows: How does proximity influence the performance of plants?
2011 (English)In: Economic Geography, ISSN 0013-0095, E-ISSN 1944-8287, Vol. 87, no 2, 127-152 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

By means of a unique longitudinal database with information on all plants and employees in the Swedish economy, this paper analyzes how geographical proximity influences the impact of localized spillovers and knowledge flows on the productivity growth of plants. Concerning the effects of spillovers, we show that the density of economic activities as such mainly contributes to plant performance within a very short distance from the plant and that the composition of economic activities is more influential further away. Regarding the influence of local industrial setup, proximity increases the need to be located near different, but related, industries whereas in-creased distance implies a greater effect of intra-industry spillovers. The analyses also demonstrate that knowledge flows via the mobility of skilled labor is primarily a sub-regional phenomenon. Only inflows of skills that are related to the existing knowledge base of plants and come from less than 50 kilometers away have a positive effect on plant performance. Concerning outflows of skills, the results indicate that it is less harmful for a dispatching plant if a former employee remains within the local economy as compared to leaving for a job in another part of the national economy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Worcester: Clark University, 2011
Keyword
Agglomeration economies, knowledge spillovers, labor mobility, plant performance, geographical proximity, related variety
National Category
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-27713 (URN)10.1111/j.1944-8287.2011.01112.x (DOI)000288658400002 ()
Available from: 2013-04-22 Created: 2009-11-17 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(255 kB)720 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 255 kBChecksum SHA-512
f2e7046277b2afe94882a4d7c611fe36cf1a2f0d2ab4a92597979e54bb54dbf50e7f673f715ed1c0d74fae83906c78a0f6429fbfe696f69ef7d6290564b82d16
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Eriksson, Rikard
By organisation
Department of Social and Economic Geography
Social and Economic GeographyEconomic Geography

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 720 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1195 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf