Chronic traffic-induced PM exposure and self-reported respiratory and cardiovascular health in the RHINE Tartu cohort
2009 (English)In: International journal of environmental research and public health, ISSN 1660-4601, Vol. 6, no 11, 68 p.2740-2751 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The relationship between exposure to traffic induced particles and respiratory health, and cardiac diseases was studied in the RHINE Tartu cohort. A postal questionnaire with commonly used questions regarding respiratory symptoms, cardiac disease, lifestyle as smoking habits, indoor environment, occupation, early life exposure and sleep disorders was sent to 2460 adults. The annual concentrations of local traffic induced particles were modelled with an atmospheric dispersion model with traffic flow data, and obtained PMexhaust concentrations in 40x40 m grids were linked with home addresses with GIS. The relationship between the level of exhaust particles outside home and self-reported health problems were analyzed using a multiple logistic regression model. We found a significant relation between fine exhaust particles and cardiac disease, OR = 1.64 (95% CI 1.12-2.43) for increase in PMexhaust corresponding to the fifth to the 95th percentile range. The associations also were positive but non-significant for hypertension OR = 1.42 (95% CI 0.94-2.13), shortness of breath OR = 1.27 (95% CI 0.84-1.94) and other respiratory symptoms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 6, no 11, 68 p.2740-2751 p.
Air pollution, particulate matter, traffic, respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
Research subject Occupational and Environmental Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-29761DOI: 10.3390/ijerph6112740ISBN: 978-91-7264-905-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-29761DiVA: diva2:277980