The economic burden of unintentional injuries: a community-based cost analysis in Bavi, Vietnam.
2003 (English)In: Scandinavian journal of public health. Supplement, ISSN 1403-4956, Vol. 62, 45-51 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIMS: Relatively little is known about patterns of injury at the community level in Vietnam and their economic consequences. This study sought to estimate the costs of various unintentional injuries in Bavi District during one year; to describe how costs depended on gender, age, circumstances, and severity of injury; and to describe how the economic burden of unintentional injuries was distributed between households, government, and health insurance agency. METHODS: A cohort study was undertaken, which involved four cross-sectional household surveys among sampled communities in the Bavi District during the year 2000, each asking about injuries in the preceding three months. The costing system in public healthcare in Vietnam was applied as well as information from the victims. RESULTS: The total cost of injuries over one year in Bavi District was estimated to be D3,412,539,000 (Vietnamese dong) (US$235,347), equivalent to the annual income of 1,800 people. In total, 90% of this economic burden fell on households, only 8% on government, and 2% on the health insurance agency. The cost of a severe injury to the corresponded to approximately seven months of earned income. Home and traffic injuries together accounted for more than 80% of the total cost, 45% and 38% respectively. The highest unit cost was related to traffic injuries, followed by home, "other", work-related, and school injuries in descending order. DISCUSSION: The results can be considered as an economic baseline that can be used in evaluations of future interventions aimed at preventing injuries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 62, 45-51 p.
unintentional injury, poverty, out-of-pocket payment, health insurance, Vietnam
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-29872DOI: 10.1080/14034950310015103PubMedID: 14649638OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-29872DiVA: diva2:278368