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Sex and migration: who is the tied mover?
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. (ALC)
2009 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

We study the effects of interregional migration on two-earner household gross earnings as well as on the relative income between married and cohabiting couples. In particular, we examine the link between education level and income gains.  Our empirical analysis is based on longitudinal data from Sweden as well as on functional regional labour markets that operate as regional entities. Using difference-in-differences propensity score matching, we find that migration increases total gross household earnings and has no significant impact on the male/female earnings gap. We find that pre-migration education level is a key determinant of migration and economic outcomes and is also a determinant of the effect of migration on income distribution within the household. The positive average effect on household earnings is largely explained by income gains among highly-educated males. Females generally experience no significant income gain from migration in absolute terms. Females gain significant relative income only if they are highly educated and married or cohabitating with a lower-educated male. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 2009.
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 787
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-29874OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-29874DiVA: diva2:278396
Available from: 2009-11-25 Created: 2009-11-25 Last updated: 2012-08-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Marriage, money and migration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Marriage, money and migration
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis consists of a summary and four self-contained papers.

Paper [I] examines the effects of interregional migration on gross earnings in married and cohabiting couples. In particular, we examine the link between education level and income gains. We find that pre-migration education level is a key determinant of migration and economic outcomes and is also a determinant of the effect of migration on income distribution within the household. The positive average effect on household earnings is largely explained by income gains among highly-educated males. Females generally experience no significant income gain from migration in absolute terms.

Paper [II] analyzes the effect of the spouse’s education on individual earnings. In this study, we control for time-invariant heterogeneity that may be correlated with the spouse’s education level and use a rich data set that includes observations of individuals when they are single and when they are married. The results support the hypothesis of cross-productivity for both males and females. Furthermore, couples with education within the same field experience even larger effects.

In Paper [III] we aim to study how the spouse’s productivity in the labor market affects one’s own individual earnings when married. Using longitudinal data on individuals as both single and married allows us to estimate the spouses’ productivity as single persons and thereby avoid problems of endogeneity between the two spouses’ labor market performances. Productivity is approximated with residuals from estimates of pre-marriage earnings equations. Results indicate that there are negative effects of the spouse’s productivity on individual earnings for both males and females, and that this effect appears to be enhanced by the duration of the marriage.

Paper [IV] studies spousal matching on earnings for females in secondorder marriages. We aim to follow women who marry, divorce, and subsequently remarry compared with females who marry and stay married over the course of the study interval. Overall, we find significant positive correlations for all three of the marital partitions. The correlation tends to be smaller for the first of a sequence of marriages for women who divorce than for women who marry and stay so. For the second of the successive marriages, however, the correlation of the residuals is larger than that for women who marry but once.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för nationalekonomi, Umeå universitet, 2009
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 790
Keyword
Regional migration, two earner households, marriage, education, human capital spillover, specialization, assortative mating, remarriage
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-29881 (URN)978-91-7264-915-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-12-18, Hörsal D, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-11-27 Created: 2009-11-25 Last updated: 2012-08-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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