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Twice chosen.: Spouse matching and earnings among women in first and second marriages
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. (ALC)
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. (ALC)
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. (ALC)
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics. (ALC)
2009 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study examines spousal matching for females in second-order marriages. It is based on detailed data from longitudinal Swedish population data registers. We aim to follow women who marry, divorce, and subsequently remarry compared with females who marry and stay married over the course of the study interval. The earnings of both groups are modeled through regression analysis in the year prior to their marriages along with the earnings of each husband. The residuals from the regressions represent unobservables in the process of earnings generation. From the regressions we obtain spouse-to-be pairs of earnings residuals and we measure the correlation of residuals for each marital regime. Overall, we find significant positive correlations for all three of the marital partitions. The correlation tends to be smaller for the first of a sequence of marriages for women who divorce than for women who marry and stay so. For the second of the successive marriages, however, the correlation of the residuals is larger than that for women who marry but once. We also find evidence of “matching” between successive husbands. Women who marry men with unmeasured positive earnings capacities, in the event of divorce, tend to select and match in a similar fashion the second time around.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet, Institutionen för nationalekonomi , 2009.
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 795
Keyword [en]
Marital matching, Remarriage, Assortative mating, Earnings
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-29880OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-29880DiVA: diva2:278409
Projects
ALC
Available from: 2009-11-25 Created: 2009-11-25 Last updated: 2012-08-13Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Marriage, money and migration
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Marriage, money and migration
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The thesis consists of a summary and four self-contained papers.

Paper [I] examines the effects of interregional migration on gross earnings in married and cohabiting couples. In particular, we examine the link between education level and income gains. We find that pre-migration education level is a key determinant of migration and economic outcomes and is also a determinant of the effect of migration on income distribution within the household. The positive average effect on household earnings is largely explained by income gains among highly-educated males. Females generally experience no significant income gain from migration in absolute terms.

Paper [II] analyzes the effect of the spouse’s education on individual earnings. In this study, we control for time-invariant heterogeneity that may be correlated with the spouse’s education level and use a rich data set that includes observations of individuals when they are single and when they are married. The results support the hypothesis of cross-productivity for both males and females. Furthermore, couples with education within the same field experience even larger effects.

In Paper [III] we aim to study how the spouse’s productivity in the labor market affects one’s own individual earnings when married. Using longitudinal data on individuals as both single and married allows us to estimate the spouses’ productivity as single persons and thereby avoid problems of endogeneity between the two spouses’ labor market performances. Productivity is approximated with residuals from estimates of pre-marriage earnings equations. Results indicate that there are negative effects of the spouse’s productivity on individual earnings for both males and females, and that this effect appears to be enhanced by the duration of the marriage.

Paper [IV] studies spousal matching on earnings for females in secondorder marriages. We aim to follow women who marry, divorce, and subsequently remarry compared with females who marry and stay married over the course of the study interval. Overall, we find significant positive correlations for all three of the marital partitions. The correlation tends to be smaller for the first of a sequence of marriages for women who divorce than for women who marry and stay so. For the second of the successive marriages, however, the correlation of the residuals is larger than that for women who marry but once.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Institutionen för nationalekonomi, Umeå universitet, 2009
Series
Umeå economic studies, ISSN 0348-1018 ; 790
Keyword
Regional migration, two earner households, marriage, education, human capital spillover, specialization, assortative mating, remarriage
National Category
Economics
Research subject
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-29881 (URN)978-91-7264-915-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2009-12-18, Hörsal D, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-11-27 Created: 2009-11-25 Last updated: 2012-08-13Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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Output format
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  • asciidoc
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