Evaluation of the presence of virulence-associated factors in Vibrio cholerae non-O1 non-O139 isolates from clinical and environmental sources
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
The broad group non-O1 non-O139 Vibrio cholerae presumably causes clinical diseases due to properties distinct from V. cholerae O1 and O139 serogroups in which cholera toxin is the hallmark of the infection. In this study, we screened for the presence of virulence-associated factors in V. cholerae non-O1 non-O139 strains isolated in Sweden. Six isolates from patients with different clinical manifestations and two environmental isolates were studied. None of the V. cholerae non-O1 non-O139 isolates carried the ctx or tcpA genes, but gene sequences for other putative virulence factors such as OmpU, cytolysin (VCC) and RTX were present. Significant differences in serum resistance were observed among the isolates independent of their encapsulation. The isolates were tested on Caenorhabditis elegans as an alternative host for analysis of factors associated with protection from natural predator grazing and environmental survival of V. cholerae. Three isolates caused lethality to C. elegans and also showed the strongest ability to resist killing by serum. We also observed that actin cross-linking activity and the level of protease secretion were different among the strains.
Cell and Molecular Biology
Research subject Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30262OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-30262DiVA: diva2:281372