Differences in porous characteristics of styrenic monoliths prepared by controlled thermal polymerization in molds of varying dimensions
2010 (English)In: Journal of Separation Science, ISSN 1615-9306, E-ISSN 1615-9314, Vol. 33, no 2, 191-199 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Nitroxide-mediated polymerization was used as a model system for preparing styrenic monolithic materials with significant mesopore contents in different mold formats, with the aim of assessing the validity of pore characterization of capillary monoliths by analysis of parallel bulk polymerized precursor solution. Capillary monoliths were prepared in 250 mm id fused silica tubes (quadruplicate samples, in total 17 m), and the batch polymerizations were carried out in parallel in 100 mL microvials and regular 2mL glass vials, both in quintuplicate. The monoliths recovered from the molds were characterized for their meso- and macroporous properties by nitrogen sorptiometry (three repeated runs on each sample), followed by a single analysis by mercury intrusion porosimetry. A total of 14 monolith samples were thus analyzed. A Grubbs’ test identified one regular vial sample as an outlier in the sorptiometric surface area measurements, and data from this sample were consequently excluded from the pore size calculations, which are based on the same nitrogen sorption data, and also from the mercury intrusion data set. The remaining data were subjected to single factor analyses of variance analyses to test if the porous properties of the capillary monoliths were different from those of the bulk monoliths prepared in parallel. Significant differences were found between all three formats both in their meso and macroporous properties. When the dimension was shrunk from conventional vial to capillary size, the specific surface area decreased from 52.274.7 to 34.671.7m2/g. This decrease in specific surface area was accompanied by a significant shift in median diameter of the through-pores, from 31073.9 to 544713 nm. None of these differences was obvious from the scanning electron micrographs that were acquired for each sample type. The common practice of determining the mesopore characteristics from analysis of samples prepared by parallel bulk polymerization and looking for changes in the macropore structure by visual assessment of SEMs are therefore both rather questionable, at least for monoliths of the kind used in this study.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley , 2010. Vol. 33, no 2, 191-199 p.
HPLC, Miniaturization, Organic monolithic materials, Porous properties
Research subject Analytical Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30310DOI: 10.1002/jssc.200900668ISI: 000274578000008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-30310DiVA: diva2:281518