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Japanese adolescents' self-concept and well-being in comparison with other countries
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Psychiatry. Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Clinical Sciences, Child and Adolescence Psychiatry.
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Background: In a rapidly changing and increasingly interconnected world, the issue of mental health and well-being among adolescents is one of the important research topics. However, there have been few studies amongst Japanese adolescents that have been published in international journals.

Objectives: (I) to make a comparison in selfconcept between healthy adolescents in Japan and Sweden, (II) to address the influence of perceived parental rearing on self-concept and mental health problems among Japanese adolescents, (III) to investigate contributions of attachment and self-concept to mental health problems reported by Japanese adolescents, (IV) to address a comparison of mental health problems and self reported competence in adolescents from Greece, Japan, Russia, and Sweden.

Methods: The following self-report instruments were used: Self- Description Questionnaire II (Marsh, 1992), Actual-Ideal Questionnaire (Nishikawa, 2003), Self-Description Questionnaire IIShort (Marsh, Ellis, Parada, Richards, & Heubeck, 2005), Youth Self- Report (Achenbach, 1991), Attachment Questionnaire- for Children (Sharpe et al., 1998), and Egna Minnen Beträffande Uppfostran (my memories of child upbringing) for Children (Muris, Meesters, & van Brakel, 2003). The participants for Paper I were adolescents aged 14 and 15 from Japan (n=144) and Sweden (n=96). One hundred ninety three Japanese students between the ages of 15-19 participated in Paper II and 228 students for Paper III. The participants for Paper IV were 812 healthy adolescents between 15 and 17 years of age from Greece (n=152), Japan (n=219), Russia (n=159), and Sweden (n=282).

 Results: Paper I showed that Japanese students reported less positive self-concept compared to the Swedish counterparts. The results were discussed in terms of different response style and modesty in Japanese culture. Paper II showed that dysfunctional parental rearing and insecure peer attachment were associated with negative self-concept and more mental health problems. A unique influence on mental health problems from parent-adolescent relationships depending on the gender of parents and adolescents was also found. Paper III showed a mediating role of self-concept in influencing the relationships between attachment style and Internalizing Problems. Paper IV indicated rather small differences across countries in the syndrome scales. Japanese and Swedish adolescents tended to score lower than Russian and Greek counterparts. Some cultural specific syndromes were found.

Conclusion: These results reported in this thesis present a general view of Japanese adolescents’ self-concept and the influence of interpersonal relationships in mental health problems assessed by Western self-report instruments. When being compared with other countries, cultural background and response style must be taken into account.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 72 p.
Series
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1320
Keyword [en]
adolescence, self-concept, mental health, attachment style, perceived parental rearing, cross-cultural
National Category
Psychiatry Psychology
Research subject
Psychology; Child and Youth Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30324ISBN: 978-91-7264-922-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-30324DiVA: diva2:281621
Public defence
2010-01-15, Psykiatriska klinikens föreläsningas salA, by23, 0-planet, NUS, Umeå University, 09:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-12-22 Created: 2009-12-16 Last updated: 2009-12-22Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. A cross-cultural validation of adolescent self-concept in two cultures: Japan and Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>A cross-cultural validation of adolescent self-concept in two cultures: Japan and Sweden
2007 (English)In: Social behavior and personality, ISSN 0301-2212, E-ISSN 1179-6391, Vol. 35, no 2, 269-286 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Keyword
adolescence, cross-cultural, self-concept, self-description questionnaire II, self-discrepancy
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7464 (URN)
Available from: 2008-01-23 Created: 2008-01-23 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved
2. Influence of parental rearing on adolescent self-concept and mental health in Japan
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Influence of parental rearing on adolescent self-concept and mental health in Japan
2010 (English)In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, ISSN 1062-1024, E-ISSN 1573-2843, Vol. 19, no 1, 57-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examined the associations between perceived parental rearing, attachment style, self-concept, and mental health problems among Japanese adolescents. About 193 high school students (143 boys and 50 girls, mean = 16.4) completed a set of self-report questionnaires including EMBU-C (My Memories of Child Upbringing for Children), AQC (Attachment Questionnaire for Children), SDQII-S (Self-Description Questionnaire II-Short) and YSR (Youth Self-Report). There seems to be a unique influence on mental health problems from parent–adolescent relations depending on the gender of parents and adolescents. PLS (Partial Latent Squares Regression) analysis showed that insecure attachments (Avoidant and Ambivalent) and Rejection from parents were predictors of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems among boys, while all dysfunctional parenting (Rejection, Overprotection and Anxious Rearing) were determinants of these problems among girls. Non academic self-concept (social, emotional, and physical) was a predictor of Internalizing and Externalizing Problems. Power of the prediction of these problems was greater for girls than boys.

Keyword
parental rearing behaviors, attachment style, self-concept, internalizing, externalizing
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30428 (URN)10.1007/s10826-009-9281-y (DOI)000274094400008 ()
Available from: 2009-12-22 Created: 2009-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
3. Contributions of attachment to self-concept and internalizing and externalizing problems among Japanese adolescents
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Contributions of attachment to self-concept and internalizing and externalizing problems among Japanese adolescents
2010 (English)In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, ISSN 1062-1024, E-ISSN 1573-2843, Vol. 19, no 3, 334-342 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We examined the associations and likely pathways underlying the relationships between peer attachment style, self-concept, and Internalizing/Externalizing Problems among high school students in Japan. A total of 228 senior high school students (186 boys and 82 girls; mean age = 16.4) completed the Attachment Questionnaire for Children, Self-Description Questionnaire II-Short, and Youth Self-Report. The main results were that securely attached adolescents reported fewer mental health problems and more positive self-concept than those who reported insecure attachment. Some patterns of associations among variables appeared to be different across gender. The Structural Equation Modeling provided a support for the mediating role of self-concept in influencing the relationships between Attachment and Internalizing Problems, but not Externalizing Problems. The paths for the model were significant across gender. The results promote understanding of psychological processes that influence the relationships between attachment and psychological well-being among high school adolescents in Japan.

Keyword
attachment, self-concept, internalizing and externalizing problems, adolescence
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30430 (URN)10.1007/s10826-009-9303-9 (DOI)000277202100010 ()
Available from: 2009-12-22 Created: 2009-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-12Bibliographically approved
4. Mental health problems reported by adolescents from four countries: Greece, Japan, Russia, and Sweden
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental health problems reported by adolescents from four countries: Greece, Japan, Russia, and Sweden
Show others...
(English)Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30431 (URN)
Available from: 2009-12-22 Created: 2009-12-22 Last updated: 2010-05-28Bibliographically approved

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