Characterization and functional role of the stroma compartment in prostate tumors.
2009 (English)In: Future Oncology, ISSN 1479-6694, Vol. 5, no 8, 1231-1235 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Prostate tumors are composed of many cell types, yet the biological significances of the different nonepithelial cells have been largely overlooked. According to recent studies, however, the stroma, which constitutes a substantial part of the tumor volume, plays an important role during the initiation, progression, metastasis and metastatic growth of prostate cancers. To explore this further, Dakhova and co-workers compared gene expression in laser microdissected normal peripheral zone stroma with stroma in peripheral zone cancers (only those with reactive stroma grade 3). A total of 544 genes were upregulated and 606 genes downregulated in tumor stroma. The cancer stroma showed signs of formation of nerves, increased number of stem cells, and responses to DNA damage. Further studies are needed to explore the functional consequences of this, particularly the role of nerves. If these stroma changes can be used as prognostic markers, as targets for therapy, and if similar changes occur in metastases also need to be explored.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London, 2009. Vol. 5, no 8, 1231-1235 p.
Cancer and Oncology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30379DOI: 10.2217/fon.09.104PubMedID: 19852737OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-30379DiVA: diva2:282366