Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Prevalence of physical inactivity in nine rural INDEPTH health and demographic surveillance systems in five Asian countries
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine. Purworejo Health and Demographic Surveillance Systems, Indonesia. (Folkhälsa och klinisk medicin, Umeå universitet)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0556-1483
Purworejo Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Indonesia.
Filabavi Health and Demographic Surveillance System, Vietnam.
Vadu Health and Demographic Surveillance System, India.
Show others and affiliations
2009 (English)In: Global health action, ISSN 1654-9880, Vol. 2, no 1, 44-53 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity leads to higher morbidity and mortality from chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as stroke and heart disease. In high income countries, studies have measured the population level of physical activity, but comparable data are lacking from most low and middle-income countries.

OBJECTIVE: To assess the level of physical inactivity and its associated factors in selected rural sites in five Asian countries. METHODS: The multi-site cross-sectional study was conducted in nine rural Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) sites within the INDEPTH Network in Bangladesh, India, Indonesia, Thailand, and Vietnam. Using the methodology from the WHO STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS), about 2,000 men and women aged 25-64 years were selected randomly from each HDSS sampling frame. Physical activity at work and during leisure time, and on travel to and from places, was measured using the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire version 2 (GPAQ2). The total activity was calculated as the sum of the time spent in each domain of activities in metabolic equivalent-minutes per week, and was used to determine the level of physical activity. Multivariable logistic regression was used to assess demographic factors associated with a low level of physical activity.

RESULTS: The prevalence of physical inactivity ranged from 13% in Chililab HDSS in Vietnam to 58% in Filabavi HDSS in Vietnam. The majority of men were physically active, except in the two sites in Vietnam. Most of the respondents walked or cycled for at least 10 minutes to get from place to place, with some exceptions in the HDSSs in Indonesia and Thailand. The majority of respondents, both men and women, were inactive during their leisure time. Women, older age, and high level of education were significantly associated with physical inactivity.

CONCLUSION: This study showed that over 1/4 men and 1/3 women in Asian HDSSs within the INDEPTH Network are physically inactive. The wide fluctuations between the two HDSS in Vietnam offer an opportunity to explore further urbanisation and environmental impacts on physical activity. Considering the importance of physical activity in improving health and preventing chronic NCDs, efforts need to be made to promote physical activity particularly among women, older people, and high education groups in these settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 2, no 1, 44-53 p.
Keyword [en]
chronic non-communicable diseases, risk factors surveillance, physical inactivity, low and middle-income countries, Asia, WHO STEPS
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30583DOI: 10.3402/gha.v2i0.1985ISI: 000208160200008PubMedID: 20027261OAI: diva2:284756
Available from: 2010-01-08 Created: 2010-01-08 Last updated: 2015-04-29Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(271 kB)37 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 271 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ng, Nawi
By organisation
Department of Public Health and Clinical Medicine
In the same journal
Global health action
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 37 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 66 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link