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Exposure of workers to electromagnetic fields. A review of open questions on exposure assessment techniques
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Radiation Physics.
Finnish Institute of Occupational Health (FIOH), Helsinki, Finland.
Flemish Institute of Technological Research (VITO), Mol, Belgium.
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Prevention (ISPESL), Rome, Italy.
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2009 (English)In: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics, ISSN 1080-3548, Vol. 15, no 1, 3-33 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

European Directive 2004/40/EC on occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF), based on the guidelines of the International Commission on Non-Ionizing Radiation Protection, was to be implemented in the Member States of the European Union by 2008. Because of some unexpected problems the deadline was postponed until 2012. This paper reviews some of the problems identified and presents some suggestions for possible solutions based on the authors' experience in assessing occupational exposure to EMF. Among the topics discussed are movement in static magnetic fields, ways to time average extreme low frequency signals, the difference between emission and exposure standards, and ways of dealing with those issues.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Warszawa: Central Institute for Labour Protection , 2009. Vol. 15, no 1, 3-33 p.
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-30666PubMedID: 19272237OAI: diva2:285500
Available from: 2010-01-12 Created: 2010-01-12 Last updated: 2011-08-23Bibliographically approved

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