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Life Cycle Assessments, Environmental Impact of A Dialysis Treatment
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Ecology and Environmental Science.
2009 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The reason of this master thesis is to evaluate the environmental hot spots of a dialysis treatment. This project was initiated to help Gambro evaluate the biggest environmental impacts in a dialysis treatment. To simplify the decision making process when starting new projects and to take the environmental aspect under consideration. Home hemodialysis is a upcoming method to perform a dialysis treatment. This was also a method that was evaluated and compared to the most common way in Sweden today, dialysis at clinic. The main problem was to investigate the environmental impact of each process and product included in a dialysis treatment. There are 10 products involved and many other steps along the way. The method used was a so called LCA, this is a way to fully evaluate products or processes environmental impact from cradle to grave. As a complement to the LCA a software (GaBi4) was used and performed most of the calculations. The results where shown in eco indicators to prevent Gambro from taking any political opinions. The results showed that transportation of patients has a big environmental at the total impact of a dialysis treatment. The disposable products also had a big environmental impact and the dialyzer had the highest environmental impact of the disposable products. The main conclusion of the study was that the best option is to perform hemodilaysis at home in a environmental perspective. If reuse was implemented to home homedialysis the system was increasingly improved in a environmental perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. , 86 p.
Keyword [en]
environmental impact, life cycle assessment, dialysis treatment, hemodialysis, home hemodialysis
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-31191OAI: diva2:291765

Available from: 2010-02-03 Created: 2010-02-03 Last updated: 2010-02-03Bibliographically approved

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