Left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony is load independent at rest and during endotoxaemia in a porcine model
2009 (English)In: Acta Physiologica, ISSN 1748-1708, E-ISSN 1748-1716, Vol. 196, no 4, 375-383 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIM: In diseased or injured states, the left ventricle displays higher degrees of mechanical dyssynchrony. We aimed at assessing mechanical dyssynchrony ranges in health related to variation in load as well as during acute endotoxin-induced ventricular injury.
METHODS: In 16 juvenile anaesthetized pigs, a five-segment conductance catheter was placed in the left ventricle as well as a balloon-tipped catheter in the inferior vena cava. Mechanical dyssynchrony during systole, including dyssynchrony time in per cent during systole and internal flow fraction during systole, were measured at rest and during controlled pre-load reduction sequences, as well as during 3 h of endotoxin infusion (0.25 microg kg(-)1 h(-1)).
RESULTS: Systolic dyssynchrony and internal flow fraction did not change during the course of acute beat-to-beat pre-load alteration. Endotoxin-produced acute pulmonary hypertension by left ventricular dyssynchrony measures was not changed during the early peak of pulmonary hypertension. Endotoxin ventricular injury led to progressive increases in systolic mechanical segmental dyssynchrony (7.9 +/- 1.2-13.0 +/- 1.3%) and ventricular systolic internal flow fraction (7.1 +/- 2.4-16.6 +/- 2.8%), respectively for baseline and then at hour 3. There was no localization of dyssynchrony changes to segment or region in the ventricular long axis during endotoxin infusion.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that systolic mechanical dyssynchrony measures may be load independent in health and during acute global ventricular injury by endotoxin. More study is needed to validate ranges in health and disease for parameters of mechanical dyssynchrony.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 196, no 4, 375-383 p.
endotoxaemia; swine; ventricular function
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-31397DOI: 10.1111/j.1748-1716.2009.01962.xPubMedID: 19302073ISBN: 1748-1716 (Electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-31397DiVA: diva2:292945
A'roch, R Steendijk, P Oldner, A Weitzberg, E Konrad, D Johansson, G Haney, M Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't England Acta physiologica (Oxford, England) Acta Physiol (Oxf). 2009 Aug;196(4):375-83. Epub 2009 Mar 19.2010-02-102010-02-102015-09-15Bibliographically approved