Method of preload reduction during LVPVR analysis of systolic function: airway pressure elevation and vena cava occlusion
2002 (English)In: Anesthesiology, Vol. 97, no 2, 436-46 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: A graded preload reduction during analysis of the left ventricular pressure-volume relationship (LVPVR) is required for derivation of end-systolic elastance (Ees) and preload recruitable stroke work (PRSW). The authors aimed to measure serial changes in these systolic function parameters before and during planned circulatory interventions using two different methods of preload alteration: a positive airway pressure plateau (APP) and inferior vena cava occlusion (IVCO). METHODS: In eight animals, measurements were made at 38 degrees, 30 degrees, 32 degrees, 34 degrees, and posthypothermia 38 degrees C. In an additional eight animals, isoflurane, adrenaline, and aorta occlusion (balloon catheter occluder) were administered in series, each with a preintervention control measurement. Left ventricular volume was measured by conductance. Paired measurements of the systolic function parameters Ees and PRSW, each derived with two preload methods, were analyzed for bias. RESULTS: Circulatory alterations were achieved with the temperature, isoflurane, adrenaline, and aorta occlusion interventions. Measured changes in Ees and PRSW from control to intervention showed a strong correlation and no significant bias for APP in relation to IVCO. The APP-derived absolute values for Ees and PRSW demonstrated a consistent positive bias compared with IVCO. CONCLUSION: The APP method for preload reduction during LVPVR analysis detected changes in Ees and PRSW during the circulatory interventions in this model that were not different than those detected using another preload reduction method, IVCO. APP and IVCO are not interchangeable methods for preload reductions during LVPVR absolute quantitation of systolic function, and each needs to be used serially.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 97, no 2, 436-46 p.
Analysis of Variance, Anesthetics, Inhalation/*pharmacology, Animals, Female, Hemodynamics/drug effects, Isoflurane/*pharmacology, Stroke Volume/*drug effects, Swine, Systole/*drug effects
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-31415ISBN: 0003-3022 (Print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-31415DiVA: diva2:292971
Haney, Michael F Johansson, Goran Haggmark, Soren Biber, Bjorn Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't United States Anesthesiology Anesthesiology. 2002 Aug;97(2):436-46.2010-02-102010-02-102015-09-15