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Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
About one quarter of employees have a physical capacity lower than their work demands. Almost half of employees in municipalities are workers who would gain from being more physically active. To better understand what makes employee’s physically active reviews from ”Hälsofrämjande arbete på arbetsplatser” and a database search were put together.
Four reviews about using the environment, changes of the environment or policies showed that a wide approach with more than one component gave a positive result. Especially internal and external changes, personal adjustment, music and aesthetic attractive additions were important. These studies pointed out the need of more well-controlled studies of high methodological quality. The oldest of the other reviews exhibited strong positive evidence for worksite interventions. Based on a few studies a 10-year old review showed encouraging results where interventions made everything as pleasant as possible through praise, reminders, involvement, level adjustment for the participants and wide approach. Two reviews from 2005 and 2006 showed that it can be difficult to make participants committed, which makes it hard to predict the outcome over a longer time period as well as for less committed persons. For participants more recent interventions were effective. Environmental prompts, individual adjustments and sub-dividing interventions gave the best result. Employers should continuously support and offer interventions that are achievable, measurable, written down and evaluated and which are congruous with the goal of the business. Worksites change over time so interventions and support have to be kept alive by the employer and continually developed with the staff and the business. In order for employees to take personal responsibility for their physical health requires a supportive environment, which the individual can’t influence but the employer can.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. , 33 p.
Physical activity, worker, municipality, employer, public health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-31645OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-31645DiVA: diva2:293689
Andersson, Christer, universitetsadjunkt