Social and health-related correlates of intergenerational and intragenerational social mobility among Swedish men and women
2012 (English)In: Public Health, ISSN 0033-3506, E-ISSN 1476-5616, Vol. 126, no 4, 349-357 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: The present study explored the pattern and the determinants of social mobility among men and women both at inter and intragenerational transitional periods. Specifically the study addressed what impact do the various health related measures, health-behaviours, psychosocial environments at home and school, material resources, and ethnicity have on the chances and the direction of social mobility.
Methods: A Swedish 14-year prospective longitudinal study with 96.5% response rate. Detail information on 546 men and 495 women regarding their occupation, health status, health-related behaviour, psychosocial environment at home and school, material recourses and ethnicity prior to mobility were available from ages 16, 21 and 30. Odds Ratios and 99% confidence interval were calculated using logistic regression to determine social mobility.
Results: At the inter-generational analyses, being liked in school (liked by the teachers and students) predicted upward mobility in men and women. Additionally, being taller predicted upward mobility in women. Downward mobility was predicted by being less liked in school and smoking for both men and women. Additionally, having an unemployed family member for men and not having an own room for women predicted downward mobility. At the intra-generational analyses, less alcohol consumption for men and better financial resources for women predicted upward mobility. Downward mobility among men was predicted by smoking and having restricted financial resources. The chances and the directions of mobility were not influenced by ethnic background.
Conclusions: Except height among women, health status was not associated with mobility in this cohort for men or for women neither internor intra-generationally, however material deprivation, economical deprivation, poor health behaviours, and unfavourable school environment were.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 126, no 4, 349-357 p.
Inter-generational mobility, intra-generational mobility, determinants, Sweden
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-31874DOI: 10.1016/j.puhe.2012.01.012ISI: 000302121100015PubMedID: 22444320OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-31874DiVA: diva2:297978