Biomass and structure of planktonic communities along an air temperature gradient in subarctic Sweden
2010 (English)In: Freshwater Biology, ISSN 0046-5070, E-ISSN 1365-2427, Vol. 55, no 3, 691-700 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
1. Air temperature will probably have pronounced effects on the composition of plankton communities in northern lake ecosystems, either via indirect effects on the export of essential elements from catchments or through direct effects of water temperature and the ice-free period on the behaviour of planktonic organisms.
2. We assessed the role of temperature by comparing planktonic communities in 15 lakes along a 6 °C air temperature gradient in subarctic Sweden.
3. We found that the biomass of phytoplankton, bacterioplankton and the total planktonic biomass were positively related to air temperature, probably as a result of climatic controls on the export of nitrogen from the catchment (which affects phytoplankton biomass) and dissolved organic carbon (affecting bacterioplankton biomass).
4. The structure of the zooplankton community, and top down effects on phytoplankton, were apparently not related to temperature but mainly to trophic interactions ultimately dependent on the presence of fish in the lakes.
5. Our results suggest that air temperature regimes and long-term warming can have strong effects on the planktonic biomass in high latitude lakes. Effects of temperature on the structure of the planktonic community might be less evident unless warming permits the invasion of fish into previous fishless lakes.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. Vol. 55, no 3, 691-700 p.
ecosystem, fish, lakes, phytoplankton, zooplankton
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-31935DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2009.02310.xISI: 000274814100015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-31935DiVA: diva2:299945