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Från föhn till feu!: Esrange och den norrländska rymdverksamhetens tillkomsthistoria från sekelskiftet 1900 till 1966
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2010 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
From föhn to feu! : The history of Esrange and the Northern Swedish spaceactivity from the turn of the century 1900 until 1966 (English)
Abstract [en]

This essay is about the origin, planning and establishment of the European Space Research Organisation's (ESRO) sounding rocket base Esrange outside Kiruna in Northern Sweden. Three main questions are examined. First I show there were not just scientific and technical but also political, economical as well as military reasons to build a European rocket base. Second, I scrutinize the reasons to choose Northern Sweden as the location for the rocket base. As it turns out, the main reasons were the favourable location of Northern Sweden within the aurora oval zone, the proximity of the Kiruna Geophysical Observatory, and the possibility to use a large, although not quite uninhabited, area where the launched rockets could crash. Finally, I examine the difficulty of talking about boundaries of various kinds, such as temporal, spatial and functional. The essay also provides a discussion on possible ways to continue research on this topic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2010. , 99 p.
Keyword [en]
Esrange, Kiruna, space, physics, geophysics, rocket, engineering, technology, ESRO, ESA, northern lights, aurora, observatory, research station, Vassijaure, Abisko, STS, history of science, polar, rocket base
Keyword [sv]
Esrange, Kiruna, Norrland, rymdverksamhet, rymdfysik, geofysik, raket, teknologi, samer, ESRO, ESA, norrsken, aurora borealis, observatorium, forskningsstation, Vassijaure, Abisko, STS, vetenskapsstudier, vetenskapshistoria, polarforskning, norrskensforskning, raketbas
National Category
History History of Ideas History of Technology History of Technology History of Technology Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences Geophysics Aerospace Engineering Fusion, Plasma and Space Physics
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32142OAI: diva2:301241
2010-02-16, 00:00 (Swedish)
Humanities, Theology
Available from: 2010-03-16 Created: 2010-03-03 Last updated: 2010-05-26Bibliographically approved

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Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies
HistoryHistory of IdeasHistory of TechnologyHistory of TechnologyHistory of TechnologyOther Earth and Related Environmental SciencesGeophysicsAerospace EngineeringFusion, Plasma and Space Physics

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