Non-autogenous control of ribosomal protein synthesis from the trmD operon in Escherichia coli
1988 (English)In: Journal of Molecular Biology, ISSN 0022-2836, E-ISSN 1089-8638, Vol. 203, no 1, 141-152 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The trmD operon of Escherichia coli encodes the ribosomal proteins S16 and L19, the tRNA(m1G37)methyltransferase and a 21,000 Mr protein of unknown function. Here we demonstrate that, in contrast to the expression of other ribosomal protein operons, the amount of trmD operon mRNA and the rate of synthesis of the proteins encoded by the operon respond to increased gene dosage. The steady-state level of the mRNA was about 18 times higher, and the relative rate of synthesis of the ribosomal proteins S16 and L19, the tRNA(m1G37)methyltransferase and the 21,000 Mr protein was 15, 9, 25 and 23 times higher, respectively, in plasmid-containing cells than in plasmid-free cells. Overproduced tRNA(m1G37)methyltransferase and 21,000 Mr protein were as stable as E. coli total protein, whereas the two ribosomal proteins were degraded to a large extent. The steady-state amount of S16 and L19 in the plasmid-containing cells exceeded that in plasmid-free cells by threefold and twofold, respectively. No significant effect on the synthesis of the trmD operon proteins from the chromosomally located genes was observed when parts of the operon were expressed on different plasmids. Taken together, these results suggest that the expression of the trmD operon is not subject to transcriptional or translational feedback regulation, and demonstrate that not all ribosomal protein operons are regulated in the same manner. We propose that ribosomal protein operons that do not encode proteins that bind directly to rRNA are not under autogenous control. Metabolic regulation at the transcriptional level and protein degradation are plausible mechanisms for the control of expression of such operons.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1988. Vol. 203, no 1, 141-152 p.
r-protein, ribosomal protein, 21K protein, a protein of 21 000 Mr, bp, base-pair(s)
Microbiology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32169DOI: 10.1016/0022-2836(88)90098-8PubMedID: 2460631OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-32169DiVA: diva2:301545