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Leder miljömärkning av livsmedel mot en hållbar utveckling?
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Ecology and Environmental Science.
2006 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Does ecolabelling of food from agricultural production lead to sustainable development?

Many organisations and governments worldwide, among them the Swedish government and the United Nations, have set up the goal of sustainable development, which provides for a good environment for this and coming generations. This goal can be reached by reducing the environmental problems and poverty of today. The vision of this study is that there is a cohesive whole and all actions taken will have an impact on this whole; specifically, the objective within this literature study is to examine whether ecolabelling of foods from organic agriculture can help achieve sustainable development. Conventional and organic agriculture are also compared regarding their specific methods, use of energy and their contribution to the pollution of soil and water. Only production certified according to KRAV or the Council Regulation No. 2092/91/EEC can be sold in Sweden as organically grown. Because of this certification, the KRAV label fulfils a very important role within organic production. But without customers the organic market will not develop, which has led the Swedish government to suggest goals to enhance organic production. This study shows that the usage of fossil fuels and chemical pesticides causes both health and environmental problems. It also shows that the usage of artificial fertilizer, chemical pesticides and industrially dried fodder contributes to an increased use of energy. According to KRAV the ecolabel branch is likely to grow substantially in the future. Through the rules set up by KRAV they want to encourage production within agriculture to work together with nature as much as possible.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Sustainable development, Ecolabelling, Organic agriculture, Environmental problems
National Category
Natural Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-32273OAI: diva2:302341

Available from: 2010-02-11 Created: 2010-02-08 Last updated: 2010-03-05

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